Four million women and girls are trafficked annually. (UN)

• An estimated one million children, mostly girls, enter the sex trade each year. (UNICEF)

• The brothels of India hold between 1,00,000 and 1,60,000 Nepali women and girls, 35 per cent were taken on the false pretext of marriage or a good job. (UN Special Report on Violence Against Women, 1997)

• So-called “honour killings” take the lives of thousands of young women every year, mainly in North Africa, western Asia and parts of South Asia. In 1999, more than 1,000 women in Pakistan were victims of honour crimes. (UNFPA)

• In S Africa a woman is raped every 35 seconds, one in two women will be raped

in their lifetime. (Rape in Botswana: A National Shame, 2000)

• In Uganda HIV infection is six times higher among young girls than boys with the

difference in rates beginning as early as nine years old and reaching a peak for the age-12-19 years old. This is due to old men seeking young girls for sexual exploitation with the belief that they are free form HIV. (Ministry of Health, Uganda)

• Every minute in the United Kingdom, police receive a call from the public for assistance for domestic violence, 81 per cent of these are female victims attacked by male perpetrators. (Economic and Social Research Council’s Programme on Violence, 2000)

• At least 60 million girls who would otherwise be expected to be alive are “missing” from various populations, mostly Asia, as a result of sex-selective abortions, infanticide or neglect. (United Nations, 2000)