Dashain this year starts on October 12. This day is known as Ghatasthapana, which literally means pot establishing. On this day the kalash (holy water vessel) symbolising goddess Durga, often with her image embossed on the sides, is placed in the prayer room. The kalash is filled with holy water and covered with cowdung in which barely seeds and other grains like maize are sown and nurtured for nine days. A small rectangular sand block is made and the kalash is put in the centre.

The surrounding bed of sand is also seeded with grains.

The Ghatasthapana ritual is performed at a certain auspicious moment determined by the astrologers. The room where the kalash is established is called Dashain Ghar. The kalash and the sand are sprinkled with holy water everyday and it is shielded from direct sunlight. By the tenth day, the seeds will have grown to five or six inches long yellow grass. This sacred yellow grass is called jamara. It is bestowed by the elders on the younger ones during the last five days of Dashain when tika is put.

Auspicious time

The time for Ghatasthapana on October 12 is from 7:59 am to 8:01 am.