Health capsules

Antidepressant risk during pregnancy :

Women who take antidepressants during pregnancy may increase the likelihood that their baby will be stillborn, premature, or low birth weight, according to a new study.

Women taking the drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which are given to treat depression, were almost twice as likely to have a low birth-weight baby as those who were not using the drugs.

The women on the drugs were twice as likely to have a stillbirth as the others. The babies of women on SSRIs were also more likely to suffer from seizures.

Women should be told about the possible risks of the SSRIs before they are given them and may need to talk to specialists – The Guardian

Prostate cancer and cholesterol:

Scientists have found the first direct link between high cholesterol and prostate cancer

Researchers have found that men with prostate cancer are 50 per cent more likely to have high cholesterol levels. An association has been suggested before and cholesterol-busting statins have been found to cut the risk of developing the disease by two thirds but the study is the first to show a statistically significant, direct relationship between the two conditions. A study found a link between gallstones and prostate cancer too. The researchers believe the link can be explained since cholesterol is involved in the production of androgens — male sex hormones that have a role in the formation of prostate tissue and cancer. — The Guardian

Diabetes risk after lithotripsy:

Patients given the most common treatment for kidney stones could be up to four times more likely to develop diabetes, according to research. Urologists in the US say they have found a strong association between a shock wave therapy known as lithotripsy and diabetes. Lithotripsy uses shock waves or ultrasonic waves to break down smaller stones so they can be excreted. Scientists from the Mayo clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, found those given lithotripsy were 3.75 times more likely to develop diabetes, and 1.47 times more likely to develop hypertension, compared with those treated in other ways. Some urologist feel the current generation of machines would not cause any risk. — The Guardian