Nepal | July 13, 2020

300 scrub typhus cases so far this year

Himalayan News Service
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Scrub typhus

Scrub typhus is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular gram-negative bacterium, which is transmitted to humans and rodents by chigger mites.

Kathmandu, September 7

Three hundred patients have tested positive for scrub typhus in 32 districts across the country so far this year.

Five patients — three from Chitwan and two from Syangja — have died of the disease so far. Chitwan, Makwanpur, Nawalparasi and Kailali are the most affected districts.

In addition, a case of scrub typhus was reported from Pyuthan District Hospital recently. “Though there are patients visiting the hospital with the symptoms similar to that of scrub typhus lack of diagnostic kit has made it difficult to diagnose the disease,” said Dr Samir Lama at the hospital.

Scrub typhus, also known as tsutsugamushi disease, is an infectious illness caused by Orientia (Rickettsia) tsutsugamushi, transmitted to humans  and  rodents  by  the  bite  of  the  larva  of  trombiculid  mites (chigger).

The mites are both the vector and reservoir of the disease. The disease is transmitted from mites to rats and mice and the mites in their larval stage contact the disease organism by biting these rodents.


A version of this article appears in print on September 08, 2017 of The Himalayan Times.


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