Nepal | October 28, 2020

Faecal sludge management a sanitation challenge

Himalayan News Service
Share Now:

Kathmandu, May 5

Although people’s access to sanitation has been increasing over the last decade, there is still a long way to go to address sanitation problems in urban areas, according to the Faecal Sludge Management Regulatory Framework recently issued by the Ministry of Water Supply and Sanitation.

Sanitation coverage rose to 64 per cent (91 per cent in urban and 56 per cent in rural areas) in 2011 from 24 per cent in 2001.

Many rural municipalities, municipalities and districts are competing to declare themselves open defecation free zones with the implementation of the National Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan, 2011.

Citing a report of National Management Information Project (2014), the framework said total coverage of basic sanitation had already reached 70 per cent nationwide. Sanitation coverage in cities depends on households using pit latrine, improved latrine and septic tank latrine.

“Urbanisation is rapidly growing in Nepal. It is estimated that the urban population has increased to 40 per cent recently from 17 per cent in 2011. Latrines of nearly 30 per cent urban population have been connected to sewerage system while the latrines of 48 per cent are attached to septic tank. “Around 12 per cent of urban population have ordinary latrines and nine per cent still lack such sanitation facilities,” the framework said, adding that the status of one per cent of the urban population was not known.

According to the framework, cities have not been able to make systematic the process of evacuating, collecting, transporting and managing faecal sludge from household septic tanks.

Individual labourers are hired to clear the septic tanks. “There is no practice of clearing septic tanks on a regular basis. It is not cleared until the faecal sludge starts overflowing. To make the matter worse, faecal sludge and wastewater are disposed of into the nearest river without treatment,” it said.

The framework warns that untreated faecal sludge not only pollutes sources of ground and underground water but causes adverse effects on public health and environment.

It also stresses the need to find economic and sustainable ways to reduce the burden of pollution on rivers and other water sources.


A version of this article appears in print on May 06, 2017 of The Himalayan Times.


Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

City thrash woeful Marseille to stay top in Champions League Group C

MARSEILLE: Manchester City were barely troubled as they claimed their second victory in Champions League Group C by beating Olympique de Marseille 3-0 at the Stade Velodrome on Tuesday. Ferran Torres, Ilkay Gundogan and Raheem Sterling found the back of the net as Pep Guardiola's side s Read More...

La Liga, Barcelona, Lionel Messi

Barcelona president Bartomeu resigns after Messi row

BARCELONA: Barcelona president Josep Maria Bartomeu resigned from the club on Tuesday ahead of a vote of no confidence that was due to be held next month after some 20,000 fans signed a petition demanding that he step down. The rest of the board of directors also resigned. "It's a thought- Read More...

Bayern edge past Lokomotiv 2-1 to stretch winning run

MOSCOW: Bayern Munich's Joshua Kimmich volleyed in a 79th-minute winner on Tuesday as they battled past hosts Lokomotiv Moscow 2-1 in their Champions League Group A match to extend their winning run in the competition to 13 consecutive games. Leon Goretzka headed them in front in the 13 Read More...

US early voting tops 70 million, continuing historic pace

WASHINGTON: More than 70 million Americans have cast ballots in the US presidential election, more than half the total turnout of the 2016 election with one week to go until Election Day, according to a Tuesday tally from the US Elections Project. The tally, which shows a record-breaking Read More...

Australia confirms playing India in all three formats

MELBOURNE: Australia will kick off its international summer with limited overs series against India in Sydney and Canberra from Nov. 27 before the four-test series starts in Adelaide as a day-night match on Dec. 17, Cricket Australia (CA) said on Wednesday. A tour worth about A$300 million ($ Read More...

Bagmati Province Governor Prasai tests positive for Covid-19

JHAPA: Bagmati Province Governor Bishnu Prasad Prasai tested positive for Covid-19 on Tuesday. Prasai had reached his home at Mechinagar, Jhapa from Hetauda-based Province Governor's Office for Dashain celebrations. Governor Prasai said that he had mild symptoms such as body ache and sweating Read More...

India's coronavirus cases set to cross 8 million

MUMBA: India's tally of coronavirus cases stood less than 10,000 away from the grim milestone of 8 million, as 43,893 new cases were reported in the last 24 hours, data from the federal health ministry showed. Totalling 7.99 million, India has the second-most number of confirmed cases after t Read More...

Typhoon Molave lashes Vietnam coast, 26 fishermen missing

HANOI  At least 26 fishermen were missing at sea as one of the strongest typhoons in two decades tore into Vietnam's central coastline on Wednesday, uprooting trees and forcing hundreds of thousands into shelter. Typhoon Molave, packing winds of up to 135 kilometres (83.9 miles) per hour, wa Read More...