Nepal | November 30, 2020

Women more susceptible to osteoporosis: research

Himalayan News Service
Share Now:

Kathmandu, October 20

Out of ten surgeries for fractures, one surgery is conducted for osteoporosis on a daily basis in Nepal Orthopaedic Hospital, Jorpati.

Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the density and quality of bones are reduced, said Mukti Timilsina, consultant orthopaedic surgeon at Nepal Orthopaedic Hospital.

Data provided by National Trauma Centre revealed that out of 64 osteoporosis patients visiting the hospital daily, 52 were women.

“The bones constantly dissolve and construct themselves till the age of 30. But after thirties, bones start breaking down and there is not much reconstruction happening. It results in brittle bones, which is susceptible to fractures, mainly on the spine, hips and wrist,” added Timilsina. Women were more susceptible to osteoporosis, said the doctor. Menopause, lifestyle and dietary behaviours were important factors for the health of bone in women. A rise in thyroid hormone has also been identified as the cause of osteoporosis in women.

A research conducted over a duration of six months from October 2017 to March 2018 by Timilsina and his team, which was published as ‘Association of Lifestyle and Food Consumption with Bone Mineral Density among People Aged 50 Years and Above Attending the Hospitals of Kathmandu, Nepal’ on May 2019, in the Journal of Osteoporosis, had concluded that high prevalence of osteoporosis was found in women.

An analytical cross-sectional study conducted among 169 people of age 50 years and above, who underwent Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry scan in the hospitals of Kathmandu valley revealed that the prevalence of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and normal bone mineral density was 37.3 per cent, 38.5 per cent, and 24.2 per cent, respectively. Out of 63 patients, 54 women were found to have suffered from ostereoporosis, according to the research.

Osteoporosis was positively associated with age and smoking, the research revealed. The bones in women start to weaken after menopause. “After menopause there is reduction in the estrogen hormone which is responsible for bone protection, making women vulnerable to osteoporosis. As there is less calcium deposition in the body, bones in women’s bodies break from a fall, even from sneezing or minor bumps,” he added.

“With ageing, people start losing bone density,” said Dipendra Pandey, osteoporosis physician at National Trauma Centre.

Women mostly come to the hospital only when they encounter fracture of bones, said Pandey.

Food and sedentary lifestyle too are blamed for brittle bones among women. To keep their bones healthy, women must consume foods rich in calcium and vitamin D. Calcium and vitamin D supplements can also be taken, suggested doctors.

Osteoporosis was found to be significantly associated with sex, age, smoking habit, and daily calcium consumption. Therefore, women must consume nutritious food and exercise regularly, advised Dr Timilsina. Sitting under the sun is necessary for women as sunlight is a source of vitamin D. It is necessary for calcium absorption, according to Pandey.

World Osteoporosis Day is observed worldwide on October 20, to raise awareness about the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

A version of this article appears in print on October 21, 2019 of The Himalayan Times.

Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Record-setting week at Nepse

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 28 The country’s sole secondary market witnessed a number of records broken in the trading week between November 22 and 26, with the Nepal Stock Exchange (Nepse) index surging by 6.47 per cent or 115.13 points week-on-week to scale to a new peak. Opening at 1,778.12 p Read More...

Cold store being built

DHARAN, NOVEMBER 28 Construction of a cold store in Sunsari’s Barahachhetra Municipality has reached the final stage, signalling an end to the plight of having to take local products elsewhere for storage. Sunsari’s Barahachhetra has developed wards in the plains and prioritised livestock Read More...

gold prices

Precious metals slump by over 3pc

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 28 Gold and silver prices took a beating in the trading week between November 22 and 27, weighed down by resilient economic data, positive vaccine results and the start of the US presidential transition process. According to the rate list of Federation of Nepal Gold and Sil Read More...

Nabil Bank logo

Nabil Bank, Daraz launch Sarathi

KATHMANDU: Nepal’s leading commercial bank, Nabil Bank and leading online marketplace, Daraz, have jointly launched the Sarathi Programme. Under this strategic partnership, small and medium enterprises (SME) selling via Daraz online shopping marketplace will be able to obtain a wide range of cr Read More...

Dance of the Narsimha: Kartik Naach in Pictures

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 29 A masked artist dressed as Narsimha, the half-man and half-lion incarnation of Lord Vishnu, the god protector, performs Hiranyakashipu Vadh during the Kartik Pyakhan/ Kartik Naach at midnight on Saturday. Kartik Naach is a legendary dance of the Newars that began in the Read More...

Floodlit cricket series starts in Dhangadhi

DHANGADHI: The first day/night or floodlit cricket series of the country has started in Dhangadhi of Kailali district from Saturday. The cricket series organised by Shikhar Youth Club, Dhangadhi is being played at the cricket ground in Dhangadhi Sub-Metropolitan City-13. According to Annat Bo Read More...

Iran's supreme leader vows revenge over slain scientist

  TEHRAN: Iran's supreme leader on Saturday demanded the “definitive punishment” of those behind the killing of a scientist who led Tehran's disbanded military nuclear program, as the Islamic Republic blamed Israel for a slaying that has raised fears of reignited tensions across the Midd Read More...

National Covid-19 tally reaches 231,978 on Sunday with 1255 fresh infections

KATHMANDU: The countrywide Covid-19 tally reached 231,978 as 1255 additional infections emerged on Sunday. The capital hosts the highest amount of active cases which, on an average, reports half of the daily reported live infections. Likewise, 1404 people who were earlier infected with the vir Read More...