Nepal | September 30, 2020

Twenty-four school children infected

• LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS

Sabitri Dhakal
Share Now:

Kathmandu, August 17

Twenty-four students from among 73 schools in Kathmandu district were found infected with lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, a mosquito-borne parasitic disease that damages the lymphatic system.

The Epidemiology and Disease Control Division revealed the findings after conducting a survey of 3,150 school children.

Six of the infected students are from Kalimati and one is from Purano Guheshwori. Though medicines have been
provided it is a challenge for the country as the government has aimed to eliminate the disease by 2020, said Pradip Rimal, programme officer at Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Programme, EDCD.

“We have only one year left and people are still suffering from the disease. Mosquitoes causing the disease are here and the infected children too are here. The children’s parents and people living in the same society were not included in the study. More people could be suffering as infected children live in the same community. There are high chances
of the disease spreading because the mosquito that causes the infection and patients are both here, he said.

EDCD conducted Transmission Assessment Survey II in 12 districts — Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kaski, Arghakhanchi, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Rukum, Salyan, Siraha and Saptari.

It conducted Transmission Assessment Survey III in 14 districts — Ramechhap, Sindhupalchowk, Kavrepalanchowk, Nuwakot, Dhading, Gorkha, Tanahun, Syangja, Palpa, Dhanusha, Sindhuli, Mahottari, Sarlahi and Rautahat.

The division conducted a survey of 23,000 students of the age group six to seven in 26 districts across the country.

TAS II was done two years after completing the mass drug administration whereas TAS III was done six years after completing mass drug administration.

“The reports reveal that educated people have taken the health problem lightly and haven’t taken drugs against the disease. Mass awareness is necessary,” he said.

Besides the elimination programme, anti-filariasis drugs Diethyl Carbamazine and Albendazole, are administered to people in the mass drugs administration campaign.

Mass drug administration was stopped in 48 out of 63 districts. It was implemented in 15 districts across the country in 2019.

The infection spreads from person to person through the culex mosquito. The adult worm lives in human lymph vessels, mates, and produces microfilariae or microscopic worms, which circulate in the person’s blood. When a mosquito bites an infected person it gets infected.  Microfilariae grow and develop in the mosquito. When that mosquito bites another person, the larval worms pass from the mosquito into the human, said AnupBastola, consultant tropical medicine physician at Shukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital, Teku.

When lymphatic filariasis becomes chronic, it leads to lymphoedema (tissue swelling) or elephantiasis (skin/tissue thickening) of limbs, hydrocele (scrotal swelling) and swelling of breasts and genitals.


A version of this article appears in print on August 18, 2019 of The Himalayan Times.


Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Six student leaders arrested for staging protest outside Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 Six student leaders of Nepal Student Union, the student wing of major opposition Nepali Congress, were arrested today for staging a protest outside the Chinese Embassy at Baluwatar against the alleged border encroachment by the Chinese side in Humla district. The NSU le Read More...

Woman found dead in Saptari district

A police team has been deployed from Province Police Office, Janakpur, to investigate the case RAJBIRAJ, SEPTEMBER 28 A 50-year-old woman was found dead at Mayanakaderi village, Ward No 2 of Tirhut Rural Municipality, Saptari, yesterday. The body of Dayaman Devi, wife of local Shiv Narayan, w Read More...

TU likely to conduct exams after Dashain, Tihar festivals

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 Tribhuvan University has decided to conduct its regular examinations after the upcoming festivals by adding more examination centres and allowing students to take exams from the nearest examination centres. TU is all set to publish the exam routine very soon. The cou Read More...

Dr KC’s supporters move NHRC against CDO, police chief

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 Supporters of Dr Govinda KC have filed a complaint with the National Human Right Commission against Kathmandu’s Chief District Officer Janak Raj Dahal and head of Metropolitan Police Range’s SSP Shyam Lal Gyawali. Members of ‘solidarity for Govinda KC’ filed the Read More...

Sanphe-Martadi road obstructed for months

BAJURA, SEPTEMBER 28 Sanphe-Martadi road section has been obstructed for the last three months due to landslides in different places along the road section in Bajura. The road section from Barjugard to Martadi was obstructed due to incessant rainfall following mud slips in many places. The Read More...

Light at the end of the COVID-19 tunnel

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 The COVID-19 pandemic has had an adverse effect not only on Nepal but also on the global economy, including the tourism industry. The global tourism industry at present is facing insurmountable losses as the coronavirus is a communicable disease and maintaining social dist Read More...

THT logo

KTM 390 Adventure rolls out in Nepal

KATHMANDU: KTM, the world’s number one and Nepal’s fastest growing premium motorcycle brand, has launched the most awaited KTM 390 Adventure in the country. The bike can be bought at KTM showrooms across the country for the introductory price of Rs 999,000, as per a media release. KTM 390 Advent Read More...

NAC holds discussions to get ground-handling permission at GBIA

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) is preparing to provide ground-handing services at Gautam Buddha International Airport (GBIA), which is nearing completion. As GBIA has mentioned that it will be ready within the next six months, NAC has proceeded to get the permission to p Read More...