KATHMANDU: The government today said that its main agenda in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference on Copenhagen would be "adaptation rather than mitigation". The conference will take place at the Bella Centre in Copenhagen, Denmark, between December 7 and December 18.

Batu Krishna Uprety, Under Secretary at the Ministry of Environment, said, "Since we're among the 48 least developed countries, it's clear that we will focus our effort on adaptation rather than reducing the effects of climate change."

There are more than five projects from different donor agencies for developing the strategies on lessening the adverse impacts of climate change. Experts in the field, however, say that the country is adopting the agenda of the developed countries rather than its own as the government has not invested on a single project and donors are dominant.

According to the ministry, National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), which is under the process of preparation, will be a crucial document to be presented at the UNFCCC.

"It'll be too late if we wait anymore as 41 countries among the 48 least developed countries have already prepared such adaptation programme, "said Uprety, adding that the ministry would base its programmes on the presently available data.

"Communities are adapting themselves and it's not required that new plans should be made. But the government should encapsulate its programme on the existing adapting mechanism of the communities," said Dipak Gyawali, water expert and former minister for water resources.

Nepal has not the obligation for reducing emission of Carbon dioxide as it is on the least developed countries' list and its emission is 0.03% of the total emission of the globe.

Meanwhile, various 14 donors agencies expressed their commitment for the support on climate change programmes. The World Bank, ADB, DANIDA, DFID, EC, SNV Nepal, UNDP, USAID, among others, have pledged their support for the cause.

"This commitment will help to reduce the repetition of similar projects on climate change from different donor agencies and focus more on adaptation related programmes now on," said Uprety.