KATHMANDU: The Constituent Assembly (CA) Committee on State Restructuring and Distribution of State Power (SRDSP) today came up with two separate models of the number, boundaries, names and capitals of federal units.

A five-member sub-committee headed by Maoist CA member Hitman Shakya had worked out the federal structure of Nepal. The Shakya panel proposed 14 federal units based on the people’s identity and six on the units’ functional capability.

The panel identified five areas such as ethnic/community distribution, linguistic distribution, cultural distribution, geographical and regional proximity and historical continuity to base its finding of the people’s identity.

Under the category of the functional capability of the federal units, it identified four areas such as economic inter-relations and capability, condition and possibility of infrastructure development, availability of natural resources, means and administrative accessibility.

The two separate models will be discussed at length in tomorrow’s meeting, said SRDSP chairman Lokendra Bista. The committee has planned to finalise its concept paper and preliminary report within this week. Finalising the number, boundaries, names and capitals of the federal units was a Herculean task for the committee.

Geographical Information System (GIS) technology was used to identify the distribution of the ethnic/community and their languages spoken in the given areas. More than 12 languages, which are spoken by more than one percent of the total population, were taken as a base to develop a linguistic map of the country.

Nepali Congress CA member Narahari Acharya, also a member of the Shakya panel, said they decided to present both the models so that the full committee could take a suitable decision. He said the panel had proposed 14 federal units based on identities of the communities whereas the six were proposed on their economic and administrative capability. Most of the SRDSP members said the six units would be sustainable from the economic and administrative points of view.

Madhesi Janadhikar Forum CA member J P Gupta, however, seriously objected to the basis of the clusters of ethnic and linguistic distribution and distribution of regional communities.

Models at a glance

Six Units based on functional capability Capital

Karnali Surkhet

Lumbini (Bhavar) Ghorahi

Gandaki Pokhara

Sagarmatha Kathmandu

Simraungadh/Janakpur Janakpur

Shrijanga Dharan

14 units based on ethnicity/community

Khaptad Dipayal/Silgadi

Karnali Surkhet

Tharuhat Gulariya

Magarat Tansen

West Madhes (Lumbini) Bhairahawa

Tamuwan Pokhara

Narayani Bharatpur

Newa Kathmandu

Tamsaling Chautara

Madhes Janakpur

Sunkoshi Kamalamai

Kirant Triyuga

Limbuwan Ilam

Birat Damak