Bullying among children

Bullying is a form of abuse and violence among children. It has been found that the majority of school children aged 12 to 17 are actively involved in bullying activities as aggressors or victims. In Nepal many parents and teachers are bullying the children, they hardly care for their children’s talent and force them to do whatever they like.

Literally, bullying is the use of force, threat and coercion to abuse, terrorize or aggressively dominate others which is often repeated and habitual. Behaviour used for domination can include verbal harassment or threat, physical assault of coercion, and such acts may be directed repeatedly towards particular targets.

Nowadays prevalence of bullying behaviour is very common in high schools. Every day thousands of children wake up being afraid of going to school. Bullying can happen to anyone at any age and anywhere whether at school, home or even in the workplace.

Bullying can occur through a variety of forms such as direct physical contact, verbal and nonverbal behaviours. Direct physical contact include hitting, slapping, biting, hair pulling, pinching, scratching etc. Behaviours like threatening, humiliating, giving bad nickname, spreading bad news are verbal bullying while non-verbal behaviours include seeing oddly, showing face expression mocked, threatening, indirect silencing someone and isolating or neglecting.

Many factors causes bullying, like parental relationship, school failure, peer rejection etc. Bullying is characterized by fear of going to school, poor or worsening school works, inability to concentrate, withdrawn behaviour, depression, loss of confidence, reluctance to go out, shortage of money, missing school books, repeated signs of failure, harm and injuries.

A large number of school dropout cases in our county might be directly associated with bullying at school. Those bullied may suffer from long term emotional and behavioral problems like loneliness, depression, anxiety, low self-confidence ultimately leading to complicated illnesses, social difficulties and suicide.

Nowadays the new form of internet bullying has become a commonplace. Sexual harassment by using emails, text messages and social networking via notorious photographs and videos are online bullying. This kind of bullying causes the largest number of suicides  globally.