Recent research of the International Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) has proved that the annual increment of temperature of the earth atmosphere is 0.06°C per year. This is the highest annual temperature rise on the earth till date. Nepal is also experiencing global warming and climate change. The increase of the volume of 2000 glaciers in the Himalayas, the unpredictable temperature rise in previous months, news about the finding of mosquitoes in Lomanthang are small events but the implication of such events are dangerous and long term. Out of 2000 glaciers in the Himalayas, 20 are in a critical situation.
Carbon dioxide, methane, carbon mono-oxide, different hydro carbons and water vapors allow the rays of sun having heat and light with short wave length but not those with long wave length. This heat trapping echanism is responsible for the alarming increase of temperature on earth.
The possible effects of this global warming process are changes in the climatic phenomenon of the earth surface. Temperature is the dominating factor for all climatic components. The change in the temperature plays a controlling function for all other climatic features, so the effects of temperature change other factors too. The scarcity of freshwater, rainfall not in regular pattern, effects on agriculture production and species,
effects on health and biodiversity are the common effects with changing of the temperature. The secondary effects of these are more dangerous, the epidemic, starvation, directly affects the ecosystem and cause
severe effects on the human livelihood and day to day activities.Environmental effects are not taken as local and regional but as global effects. The carbon emission of the industrial countries can affect the Himalayan
region, North and South Poles by melting down the snow. Reduction of carbon and its compounds to the atmosphere and adaptation mechanism for the climate change effects are two processes which we have to do immediately.
For the reduction of carbon, Nepal, a poor and developing country, may not play an effective role, but the possibility of lobbing in low release will be beneficial for it. In this regard, the two distinctive mechanisms are essential for the developed and developing countries. The adaptive mechanism programme could be launched in developing countries.
The environment is a multidimensional issue. The natural and social aspects are the basic factors to fight against environmental entities. The society is a platform and natural phenomenon gives the evidences, methodologies as well as process to check these problems. The developed and developing countries are ready to fight but no effective plan is there. All the common peoples are waiting for the new agreement and concrete plan for this.
Climate change has several profound effects in the Himalayan mountains first and thereafter to all the related areas. Nepal like other agriculture based countries depends on the water resources water cycle. The research on the Himalayas shows that the level of water in Nepali rivers will be sufficient till 2030, but will go down after that. This will cause great scarcity of freshwater in the country.
Beside that, it has profound effects on cereal production, health causing agents, biodiversity, tourism, medicinal and aromatic plants etc. The overall livelihood of Nepalese people will be affected by this phenomenon. National Adaptation Plan for Action is the legal and technical document which is going to be prepared in the near future to fight against climate change and global warming effects. Yet no concrete action plan has been formulated to fight against the climate change in our country. Government activities is virtually non-existent to adapt to these effects.
Government should identify the possible effects for long term. The mechanism to fight against it should be formulated with the consultation of experts. The plantation programme, student’s rallies and small scale clean campaigns are not sufficient to fight with this effect. A partnership with all the stakeholders of the country must be tightened. No single components work effectively. Nepal’s temperature increment rate is higher than
its neighboring countries. The poor people are directly depending on natural resources. The percentage of poor people in our country is higher. It means that the direct dependency rate of Nepali people is higher with natural resources than elsewhere. The climate change effect will severely affect the natural resources. But
our planet needs more than just action by governments and corporations; it needs each of us. Although
individual decisions may seem small in the face of global threats and trends, when billions of people join forces in a common purpose we can make a tremendous difference. That’s why we, a great
sufferer of climate change effects, must initiate work as individuals like the ecological proverb “Act
locally think globally”.
Pokharel is Lecturer on Environmental Science
Climate change has several profound effects on the Himalayan mountains first and thereafter all the related areas. Nepal like other agriculture-based countries depends on the water resources water cycle. The research on the Himalayas shows that the level of water in Nepali rivers will be sufficient till 2030, but will go down after that