ICT in education
What do children remember for a longer period of time – something they have read or something they have seen? Of course, something children see remains in their minds for a longer period of time.
So, it is now widely accepted that the teaching-learning process is more effective when it includes video and audio. Audiovisuals are part of the information and communication technology (ICT) that boost children’s academic achievement. Basically there are two types of teaching methodologies: student-centric and teacher-centric.
The teacher-centric method is the conventional mode of education which includes explanation, demonstration and discussion, among others. In this mode of education, teachers have to be active, which may make students passive, as they spend most of the time listening to the instructions. Hence, this method is not appropriate for junior classes.
On the other hand, student-centric method includes participation, practical work, individual study and survey, among others. In the student-centric method, students are more active. They have to find solutions themselves.
So, introduction of the ICT and audiovisuals in classes makes student-centric teaching method even more effective. There may be illustrations and pictures in the book, but they have their limitations. For students to get a good grasp of the subject matter, audiovisuals can be extremely helpful. For example, if one has to explain the motion of planets around the Sun, it is difficult to make students understand the rotation and revolution of planets by using only the white board and books. Add videos, and the result will be different.
In today’s modern world, children are well acquainted with the ICT, as laptops, mobile phones and Internet are easily available. So the ICT has emerged as a necessary tool in modern classrooms for the effective outcome from teaching-learning activities.
Use of audiovisual method in classrooms makes students more inquisitive and generates their interest in the subject matter.
That said, it does not mean we have to take books and notebooks and reading and writing part completely out of students’ daily routine. The ICT can be an additional tool to make teaching effective. Reading is equally important and so is writing. Overuse of ICT can also kill children’s creativity. We have to be careful about that.