Indonesia's urban centers currently face severe and interlinked water security challenges: inadequate and inequitable access to water supply and sanitation services, persistent flooding, poor environmental water quality, unplanned settlements, and in some regions, dramatic land subsidence, all of which are exacerbated by climate change.

Meanwhile, Indonesia's fragmented water governance infrastructure, is split across several axes: horizontally across water sub-sectors, vertically between layers of government, and spatially between administrative jurisdictions.

This has resulted in policy approaches that are inherently sectoral and siloed within the confines of local government. Similarly, without a mechanism for institutional coordination, uncontrolled development has undermined the delivery of basic services that support livability and growth.

Nowhere exemplifies this challenge more so than the Greater Jakarta region. Comprising 14 district and municipal governments under three provincial jurisdictions, the region produces 22 percent of Indonesia's total GDP... - blog.wb.org/blogs