Share of imports through Birgunj dry port drops to 10.5 per cent

Kathmandu, August 25

The volume of imports from Bhairahawa, Biratnagar, Nepalgunj, Krishnanagar and Rasuwa customs points increased substantially in the previous fiscal year.

Though Birgunj is still the major gateway, with one-third of the country’s total imports entering through this customs point, the volume of imports through Birgunj dry port fell substantially in the previous fiscal, according to Department of Customs (DoC).

Share of imports via Birgunj dry port in total imports came down to 10.5 per cent in previous fiscal 2017-18, compared to 14.2 per cent in fiscal 2016-17.

The major reason for the drop in imports via Birgunj dry port was congestion in unloading the bulk cargo — iron ore, chemical fertilisers — according to DoC officials.

The share of imports via Birgunj in total imports dropped as the government of India cut off facility to unload dirty cargo — clinker, coal, fly ash — at railway sidings in Raxaul of India.

On the other hand, the Indian government has allowed the movement of Nepal-bound cargo to Bathnaha (India) — nearest railhead from Biratnagar in the previous fiscal.

According to Bhim Ghimire, president of Chamber of Industries Morang, traders have imported huge amount of sugar utilising that facility.

As per the DoC, share of imports through Biratnagar increased to 12.3 per cent of the total imports in fiscal 2017-18, compared to 11 per cent in 2016-17.

Similarly, share of imports through Bhairahawa in total imports reached 18 per cent in previous fiscal from 17 per cent in 2016-17, according to DoC.

After the government of India prevented the unloading of dirty cargo at the railway sidings in Raxaul, cement factories in the western region imported clinker and fly ash directly from Bhairahawa and Nepalgunj.

Ghimire of Chamber of Industries Morang said that the congestion at the dry port in Birgunj could be minimised if the government negotiated with the Indian government to allow movement of Nepal-bound cargo to the nearest railhead of the major customs points in the country.


Fiscal 2016-17 

Fiscal 2017-18 


Bhairahawa Customs Office

Rs 171.24bn

Rs 224.03bn


Biratnagar Customs Office

Rs 109.22bn

Rs 152.94bn


Birgunj Customs Office

Rs 328.84bn

Rs 421.94bn


Birgunj Dry Port Customs Office

Rs 141.07bn

Rs 130.64bn


Kailali Customs Office

Rs 12.31bn

Rs 17.58bn


Krishnanagar Customs Office

Rs 17.67bn

Rs 26.60bn


Mechi Customs Office

Rs 30.44bn

Rs 37.58bn


Nepalgunj Customs Office

Rs 30587.5

Rs 45.08bn


Rasuwa Customs Office

Rs 15.74bn

Rs 22.65bn