Ernest Hemingway was one person with different reflective personalities. He was a social worker, an ambulance driver, novelist, short story writer, adventurer and much more. But he is often looked from the academic and literary point of view.
He is considered one of the greatest writers of the 20th Century. His realistic overview of the story, simple language structure and emotional concepts within his writings made him one of the most successful American writers.
He was born on July 29, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. At an early age, he became a reporter for a local newspaper called Kansas City Star, but at the age of 18 he left for Italy during World War I in order to drive an ambulance as a volunteer in the war. During this period, he was seriously injured and was admitted to the hospital where he met a nurse with whom he fell in love.
The incident later inspired him to create one of the famous romantic novels of all time â€” A farewell to arms, which is about an American ambulance driver on the Italian front during World War I, Lieutenant Henry and his passion for a young British nurse Catherine. Their romance was caught in the horrors of war. When it was published in 1929, he got worldwide fame.
After this, he spent some time in Spain during the Spanish Civil War. There he portrayed the horrors of civil war in his writings like For whom the bell tolls published in 1940. He actively supported the Republicans and the novel is set against this background. It is said he was fond of bull fighting during his stay in Spain.
He went to Africa and Cuba in order to enjoy the beauties of nature. There too he did not rest his pens. He wrote Green hills of Africa about his adventures in Africa. Similarly The old man and the sea, which is a novella about one manâ€™s struggle against the powerful forces of nature.
His others famous writings are three stories and 10 poems â€” Our time, The sun also rises, Fiesta.
Hemingway was awarded with Nobel prize in 1954 for his outstanding contribution in the field of literature. He felt ill and suffered from self-depression, which later on compelled him to shoot himself in 1961.