Law ministry sends back draft bills to ministries

Kathmandu, July 30

Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs has sent back draft bills related to Fundamental Right and Duties of the constitution to the ministries concerned.

The respective ministries will submit the draft to the Cabinet for approval. Following approval from the cabinet, the drafts will be registered in the Parliament secretariat. The respective ministries will present the bills in accordance with the parliament schedule for tabling the bills.

According to the constitution, the Parliament should endorse all the bills related to fundamental rights and duties’ by September 17.

Article 47 of the constitution states that the state shall, as required, make legal provisions for the implementation of the rights conferred by this part, within three years of the commencement of this constitution.

“Our ministry has approved all the draft of the bills and sent them back to the respective ministries,” Deputy Spokesperson of the MoLJPA Hum Bahadur KC told The Himalayan times.

There are 31 fundamental rights and duties related draft bills to make, according to the constitution. Of them, the government is going to come up with around 17 new bills related to fundamental rights and duties.

The draft bills of fundamental rights and duties are — Right to Social Justice (Article 42), Right to Public Security (Article 43), Right of Victim of Crime (Article 21), Right against Torture (Article 22), Right against Preventive Detention (Article 23), Right against Exploitation (Article 29), Right to Clean Environment (Article 30), Rights of Child (Article 39), Rights of Women (Article 38), Rights of Senior Citizens (Article 41), Rights of Dalit (Article 40), Right relating to Food (Article 36), Right to Privacy (Article 28), Right to Employment (Article 33), Right to Health (Article 35), Right to Property (Article 25) and Right to Housing (Article 37).

Those bills have to be endorsed by the Parliament within three years after promulgation of the constitution.

KC said the old laws such as Right to Information will be reviewed within the present context. “For those laws we will not come up with a totally new draft,” he added.

KC said the ministry has called up all the related ministries and asked them for draft laws. The Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers has also directed the ministries to finish their work as soon as possible. There are around a dozen ministries who have to register their daft at the parliament. “Now, all the ministries need to register their respective draft laws with the Parliamentary Secretariat,” KC said.

List of draft laws

  • Right to Social Justice
  • Right to Public Security
  • Rights of Victim of Crime
  • Right against Torture
  • Right against Preventive Detention
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to Clean Environment
  • Rights of Child
  • Rights of Women
  • Rights of Senior Citizens
  • Rights of Dalit
  • Right relating to Food
  • Right to Privacy
  • Right to Employment
  • Right to Health
  • Right to Property
  • Right to Housing