Nepal | July 12, 2020

Human development ‘medium’ in Nepal

Pushpa Raj Acharya
Share Now:

HDI Report

Source: UNDP

Kathmandu, September 15

Nepal slipped five spots from 144 to 149 among 189 countries in the Human Development Index ranking in 2017, according to the Human Development Report of the United Nations Development Programme.

However, the country’s HDI (Human Development Index) value for 2017 moved to 0.574, up from the previous year’s 0.558, which puts Nepal in the ‘medium human development’ category alongside India ranked at 130, Bhutan (134), Bangladesh (136) and Pakistan (150).

Among South Asian countries, Sri Lanka ranks 76 and Maldives 101. They are placed in the category of ‘high human development’, while Afghanistan has been placed in the ‘low human development’ group. Nepal ranks sixth among SAARC countries, ahead of Pakistan and Afghanistan (168). Bangladesh has made tremendous progress in human development among South Asian nations, as per the report.

As per the Human Development Report, Nepal’s HDI value increased from 0.378 to 0.574, or 51.9 per cent between 1990 and 2017. Nepal’s life expectancy at birth increased by 16.3 years, mean years of schooling increased by 2.9 years and expected years of schooling increased by 4.7 years in the same period. Similarly, the country’s Gross National Income per capita increased by about 111.6 per cent in the same period.

The review shows Nepal’s progress in terms of every indicator. However, the country’s ranking slipped as other countries did better over the review period.

According to the report, a Nepali’s life expectancy is 70.6 years compared to 54.3 in 1990. In Nepal, life expectancy is quite high compared to the average among medium HDI ranking countries (69.1 years). However, GNI per capita is lower than medium HDI countries. Average GNI per capita of medium HDI countries is $6,849 while Nepal’s GNI per capita is $2,471.

In terms of inequality in human development, Nepal’s inequality in education is higher than the medium inequality adjusted HDI value, as per the report. Inequality adjusted value in education of medium HDI countries is 33.1, but in Nepal such inequality’s adjusted value in education is 40.9. In terms of human inequality coefficient, inequality in life expectancy and inequality in income, Nepal is less inequitable than the average of countries that have medium HDI value.

In terms of Gender Development Index, Nepal’s position is better than countries with medium HDI value and the South Asian average. Nepal’s gender development index is 0.925, compared to 0.837 in South Asia and an average of 0.878 among countries that have medium HDI value.


A version of this article appears in print on September 14, 2018 of The Himalayan Times.


Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Tarai districts at risk of floods after heavy rainfall in hilly region

RAUTAHAT: Tarai districts are at a high risk of floods as water level has risen alarmingly after incessant rainfall in hilly and Chure region in recent days. Locals residing on the banks of Bagmati and Lalbakiya rivers in Rautahat and Sarlahi districts have been living in terror of floods as Read More...

Putting the brakes on COVID-19: Safeguarding the health and rights of women and girls

KATHMANDU: The COVID-19 pandemic has sickened 16,649 people and left 35 dead in Nepal as of July 10. But the full toll of this catastrophe has been incalculably greater. The health system has been overwhelmed and the economy has been greatly impacted. Women and girls have been disproportionately af Read More...

NHRC chief draws flak for condemning Mohna Ansari

KATHMANDU, JULY 10 National Human Rights Commission Chairman Anup Raj Sharma has drawn flak for issuing a press release condemning NHRC member Mohna Ansari for criticising Samajwadi Party-Nepal’s decision to expel Sarita Giri from both the party and the House of Representatives. Sharma h Read More...

Commission on the investigation of Enforced Disappeared Persons

Conflict victims lament govt’s apathy in their joint submission

KATHMANDU, JULY 10 Various victim groups of Nepal have made a joint submission to the 37th Session of the Working Group on Universal Periodic Review of the United Nations Human Rights Council, drawing its attention to the Government of Nepal’s persistent failure to deliver truth, justice, repar Read More...

Gaindakot, Nawalparasi

East-West Highway obstructed as flood sweeps diversion in Nawalpur

KATHMANDU: The East-West Highway has been obstructed since a diversion was washed away by a flash flood at Gaindakot section in Nawalparasi (East) district. It has been learnt that the vehicular movement along the highway came to halt after the flooded rivulet in Thumsi swept away the culvert o Read More...

Nepal Communist Party (NCP) standing committee meet put off for a week

KATHMANDU, JULY 10 The ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) has postponed its Standing Committee meeting for a week. NCP Spokesperson Narayan Kaji Shrestha wrote on his Twitter handle that the party took the decision to postpone its Standing Committee meeting to enable the party’s rank and fil Read More...

‘Regulate particular content, media, not entire industry’

KATHMANDU, JULY 10 Freedom Forum, a civil society organisation, issued a press release condemning cable operators’ decision to halt broadcast of Indian news channels, except Doordarshan, over misleading and defamatory content about Nepal. Freedom Forum said service providers and media carrie Read More...

Jada and Will Smith reveal marriage trouble on Facebook show

LOS ANGELES: With their marriage under social-media scrutiny, Jada Pinkett Smith and Will Smith reaffirmed their commitment to each other as Pinkett Smith admitted to having a relationship with musician August Alsina when she and Smith were separated. In a one-on-one conversation Friday on Pinke Read More...