Nepal | January 23, 2021

Study reveals high prevalence of non-communicable diseases in Nepal

Sabitri Dhakal
Share Now:

Kathmandu, August 4

The first national representative study on prevalence of selected chronic diseases in Nepal has revealed that there is a high prevalence of non-communicable diseases across the country.

A research conducted by Nepal Health Research Council, with support from the Ministry of Health and Population, has revealed that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the most prevalent (11.7 per cent), followed by diabetes mellitus (8.5 per cent), chronic kidney disease (6 per cent) and coronary artery disease (2.9 per cent) among Nepalis.

It reveals that males have higher prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Prevalence of diabetes is more in men than in females — 11 per cent and 6.7 per cent, respectively. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in men is 6.5 per cent and in females it’s 5.7 per cent. Prevalence of COPD is more in men — 12.6 per cent, compared to 11 per cent in women. However, the prevalence of possible, probable and definite coronary artery disease is comparatively higher in women (3.2 pc) than in men (2.4 pc).

The findings reveal that the use of tobacco, alcohol consumption, risk of COPD, raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, abnormal lipids and body mass index have an association with increasing level of non-communicable diseases across the country.

Prevalence of diabetes is high in Province 3 (11.5 per cent) and urban areas (11.3 per cent). “There are more urban areas in Province 3. Physical inactivity, intake of junk food, obesity and urbanisation are some of the causes of higher prevalence of diabetes in these areas,” said Meghanath Dhimal, chief researcher at Nepal Health Research Council.

Karnali Province has the highest number of COPD cases. “Use of fossil fuels for cooking is high in the province. Smoke from the burning of biomass fuels is a major cause for higher prevalence of COPD in Karnali,” added Dhimal.

A population-based nationwide cross-sectional survey conducted from 2016 to 2018 used a multi-stage cluster sampling to select a representative sample of 13,200 from 400 clusters in 72 districts of Nepal.

Survey findings
Name of province Diabetes Mellitus Chronic Kidney Disease Coronary Artery Disease (Prevalence of possible, probable and definite CAD) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Province 1 7.7 5.2 3 6.2
Province 2 8.5 6.6 2.8 16.4
Province 3 11.5 6.5 3 11.7
Gandaki Province 6.7 6.8 3.6 6
Province 5 9.6 5.7 2.3 9.5
Karnali Province 3.2 4.7 0.8 25.1
Sudurpaschim Province 5.2 5.9 3.6 14.3
Figures in per cent; Source: Nepal Health Research Council

 

The survey was conducted with the objective of determining population-based prevalence of selected non-communicable diseases — diabetes, coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic kidney disease in people aged 20 years and above.

The research committee has recommended an effective health promotion and chronic disease prevention programme. It has also recommended a programme to curb use of tobacco and alcohol, focusing more on men. The panel also recommended blood sugar screening programmes on a larger scale.

The research committee recommended that special interventions be designed for women to help counter issues related to body mass, such as obesity, elevated waist-hip ratio and abdominal obesity, which have long term health implications.

 


A version of this article appears in print on August 05, 2019 of The Himalayan Times.


Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Youth association close to Oli shows support for government

RAJBIRAJ, JANUARY 21 At a time when protest against the controversial dissolution of the Parliament by Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli is spreading across the country, the ruling party’s sister wing National Youth Association Nepal organised a demonstration in support of the prime minister in Sapt Read More...

Basnet selected coordinator of Press Organisation

KATHMANDU, JANUARY 21 The second national gathering of Press Organisation Nepal unanimously elected joint-coordinator Ganesh Basnet as the coordinator. Basnet replaces coordinator Mahesh Dahal, who was removed on the ground of lack of activity in carrying out organisational responsibilitie Read More...

NC demonstrates in Rautahat

RAUTAHAT, JANUARY 21 Nepali Congress staged demonstrations across Rautahat district today in protest against what they described as an attack on the nation’s constitution by Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli’s unconstitutional and regressive move. Rallies were organised in all 18 local leve Read More...

PCR report not needed for ABC trek as virus cases slow

POKHARA, JANUARY 21 Trekkers heading to Annapurna Base Camp through various routes to the camp do not require negative PCR reports. Trekking routes were resumed on January 14 amid the infection risk after making it mandatory for trekkers to show PCR reports. A meeting of the Chhomrong T Read More...

Poor leadership to blame for surge in crime: Odd

DHANGADI, JANUARY 21 Nepali Congress Dhangadi Municipal Committee President Nripa Bahadur Odd said that crime had increased after communists offered garlands to criminal-minded people. Addressing a protest assembly in Dhangadi today, Odd said communists had protected rapists, thieves, murderer Read More...

Suicides end 10-year decline in Japan as pandemic stress hits women harder

TOKYO: Suicides increased in Japan during 2020 after a decade of declines, with the number of women committing suicide surging amid the emotional and financial stress caused by the coronavirus pandemic even as fewer men took their own lives. Suicide has a long history in Japan as a way of avoiding s Read More...

James Bond movie 'No Time to Die' delayed again amid pandemic

LOS ANGELES: The global release of the James Bond movie "No Time to Die" was postponed to October from April, its producers said on Thursday, another setback for movie theaters trying to rebuild a business crushed by the coronavirus pandemic. The movie's new debut date is Oct. 8, accordin Read More...

Google says it will shut search engine in Australia if forced to pay for news

SYDNEY: Alphabet Inc's Google said on Friday it would block its search engine in Australia if the government proceeds with a new code that would force it and Facebook Inc to pay media companies for the right to use their content. Google's threat escalates a battle with publishers such as News Read More...