Though the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 prohibits the use of child labour, exploitation of child labour is common throughout the country. Children, generally those from the poor families, continue to be employed as domestic help and labourers to work under hazardous circumstances. Thousands of children have been working as porters in kilns and factories in the capital alone. Naturally, most of these children are compelled to work under risky circumstances to shoulder the financial burden of their families. Children are being exploited by unscrupulous employers. The victims are not usually aware of their child rights. Moreover, many children are not only forced to work like beasts of burden, but are also paid low wages.
There are dozens of NGOs and INGOs that have been working for the protection of child rights, but they have done little to prevent exploitation of child labour. However, it is the government which should share the larger part of the blame. Not that there aren’t any laws for the protection of child rights but it is because of the non-implementation of policies, laws and regulations pertaining to child rights. This failure has led to increasing exploitation of child labour. The government should not only take concrete measures to control exploitation of child labour but also guarantee them rights that the Constitution grants them. Furthermore, employers who employ minors to undertake risky jobs should be strictly punished.