Livelihood and economic recovery

The economic status of single women, the vulnerable and invisible population within women, is challenging. Livelihood of most of single women and female headed households are destroyed, and they are having difficulties to restart it due to destructed physical assets and inputs and investment. Single women and female headed households do not have easy access to the services and opportunities provided by local government agencies and organizations. With the need assessment and multiple interactions with single women, the primary need is basic needs and for economic independency, restarting their economic livelihood were held. Livelihood options are vital to these women since 64 per cent of women in the country are engaged in unpaid labour and self employment activities and loss of assets have been translated into loss of their income and livelihood opportunities.

We know that relief is for immediate need and now we have be focus on recovery and rehabilitation for addressing the longer term needs after the April 25 mega-earthquake. There have been already actions of building temporary learning centers, community centers, temporary houses, aid in the form of organic manure, distribution of crop seeds replacing the packaged food and sacks of rice. Additionally, the idea of supporting existing enterprises in which, women already have familiarity and skills have also been brainstormed. The key activities such as the entrepreneurship, access to finances and micro-credit, on the job training, vocational skills, and financial skills have become the core ideas for the economic empowerment of marginalized population. Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) of Nepal came up with guidelines on cash for work, 2072 till for first three months of the endorsement, suggesting the economic growth through the inclusive and equitable livelihood opportunities for earthquake survivors and family with specific attention towards female household heads, single women, women with disability, elderly people, indigenous people. The rights to economic opportunities for men and women especially poor and vulnerable have been well reflected in the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development. The government is indebted to expand the social security schemes, emergency fund, access to services and opportunities to widows and female household heads so that they can compete.