On hand-to-mouth existence
In the past, there was a widespread adoption of new agricultural technology in some countries. Although the technology helped boost agricultural production to some extent, food and nutritional problems are increasing these days. The climate changes will intensity such problems.
At the World Food Summit held some years ago, several governments and international organizations arrived at a consensus on key strategies for improving world’s food and nutritional status. However, there has been no remarkable improvement.
It was conceived that an integration of agriculture with the global market would provide some opportunities to World Trade Organization members. But the protagonists of GATT agreement 1994 forgot that the development stage, sectional composition of income and workforce, marketable surplus and competitive capability of the developed, developing and least developed countries are not the same.
Many persons expected that after an Agreement on Agriculture (AOA), developing and least developed countries would gain. However, global commodity prices decreased during the Post-Uruguay era, and instability of world food prices has not
creased. Moreover, agricultural trade liberalization has not contributed
positively to world food supply.
In fact, without food and nutrition, a society will continue to be caught in a vicious circle of under nutrition and underdevelopment. What is required is the coordinated interaction of food producers, transporters, market operators and others. In addition, every country will need to develop integrated systems that promote and successfully utilize nutrition education and research for producing, processing, distributing and making access for all.
Agricultural policies must be oriented towards the effective and sustainable development of better food
supplies. This should include production, processing, distributing and
effective marketing elements of an adequate and nutritionally balanced diet. Health policies must emphasize the assistance of adequate food quality and safety throughout every segment of food chain with shared responsibilities among primary producers, food producers and consumers. Overall, development policies must provide access to qualitative and safe food at affordable prices.