KATHMANDU, AUGUST 19
One glaring truth the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has reinforced when it comes to gender-based violence is that it is a humanitarian, development and socioeconomic crisis – a persistent and daunting triple threat whose solutions must be grounded in gender equality and human rights.
Even before the pandemic, gender-based violence was a debilitating challenge globally, with on average one out of three women experiencing some form of violence in her lifetime. In Asia and the Pacific the percentage of women disclosing experience of physical or sexual violence, or both, by an intimate partner ranged widely across different countries, from 15 per cent in places like Lao PDR and Japan to 64 per cent in several Pacific countries like Solomon Islands and Fiji.
Not long after WHO declared a COVID-19 pandemic in March, UNFPA forecast that an estimated 31 million additional incidents of gender-based violence could be expected globally, if lockdowns last for at least six months, with women confined indoors with their abusers. For every three months such restrictions continue, an additional 15 million incidents could be expected.
We’ve already seen huge spikes in the numbers of women seeking support, including through calls to dedicated helplines. Resources to address gender-based violence, already stretched thin in many places before the pandemic, are all the more challenged now. And we know that this escalating violence will have long-term and damaging socioeconomic consequences on women’s health, safety, security and economic participation.
Another truth that’s also been revealed is that responding to gender-based violence in the context of unprecedented challenge requires creativity, collaboration and courage – as displayed by the humanitarian heroes supporting survivors in so many different ways in country after country, no matter how difficult the circumstances.
In Nepal, teams of community psychosocial workers already present in remote far-western and eastern rural districts before the pandemic are being provided with additional air-time on their mobile phones to step up psychological first aid and referral support to survivors, connecting them to locally available services. Saraswati Rai Chaudhury and her colleagues roam far and wide to also reach migrant workers in quarantine centres, mothers’ groups and their children, relatives of COVID-19 patients and elderly people. Since Nepal’s lockdown began, more than 4,500 women have been assisted.
For Rohingya refugees in the sprawling camps of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, service providers have expanded the support available in women-friendly spaces to include midwives like Tania Akter alongside psychosocial counsellors, integrating essential gender-based violence and sexual and reproductive health services under one roof. A huge proportion of those contracting COVID-19 worldwide have been frontline health workers like Tania who put themselves at risk, working long, gruelling hours to meet demand and needs, and sacrificing time away from their loved ones for months on end.
In Myanmar, realising the crucial need to scale-up services, government, civil society and UN partners came together to boost helplines by training responders to provide immediate remote psychological first aid, as well as directing callers to women support centres which are safe spaces, linking up women to various types of assistance. Also, many health actors have been trained and mobilised to support survivors.
After earthquakes struck the Philippine province of North Cotobato last year, local organisations established evacuation centres that included timely and quality care gender-based violence response services , helping women navigate the local system to seek lifesaving support. Availing of this extended support into the pandemic, dozens of Filipino women are now benefitting through these centres from a new initiative called Cash for Protection which provides 10,000 PHP (~USD 200) as part of a wider social safety net for survivors.
In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, the Women Safety smartphone app, introduced two years ago, was urgently upgraded by the Punjab Safe Cities Authority (PSCA) earlier this year as pandemic lockdowns intensified. Women who install the app can alert the police on an emergency helpline or send a text via WhatsApp to the PSCA. As soon as the message with location coordinates is received, designated teams are mobilised for an immediate response, heading to the caller’s precise location.
We’ve learnt useful lessons – and promising practices – from the numerous critical interventions led by humanitarian heroes like Saraswati, Tania and so many others.
Firstly, services to support survivors of gender-based violence are truly lifesaving and more crucial than ever. Governments cannot and must not compromise or sacrifice this support when funding the pandemic response. It’s quite literally a matter of life and death for thousands upon thousands of women and girls.
Second, national governments must invest much more in gender-based violence prevention and response resources, including a skilled and empowered workforce of frontline service providers. This will build on a regional and global evidence base of what works to create a strong foundation, so that this lifesaving work can be quickly expanded during emergencies like COVID-19.
Third, necessity is indeed the mother of invention. Some of the most effective interventions we’ve seen embrace creative thinking despite COVID-19-related restrictions, as well as adapt user-friendly technology to reach gender-based violence survivors safely. In this, partnerships between government, civil society and the private sector are key to ensure we innovate to reach the most vulnerable and marginalised.
Fourth, but not least, countries can and should learn from one another by sharing what works.
We’ve heard a lot about the post-COVID-19 need to build back better to ensure no one is left behind.
To convert rhetoric into reality, we must all prioritise the health and wellbeing of women and girls – from achieving optimal sexual and reproductive health to ending gender-based violence and harmful practices – beginning now.
Bjorn Andersson is the Asia-Pacific Regional Director for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
KATHMANDU: Nepal’s Health Ministry, in its regular press briefing, shared the latest updates on coronavirus contagion from across the country, and government’s response to the health crisis. READ ALSO: Kathmandu Valley records 817 infections on Monday As of today, 998,407 tests throug Read More...
KATHMANDU: K-pop’s most popular girl band BLACKPINK on September 28 announced Lovesick Girls, the title track of their debut full-length LP The Album. According to The Korea Times, the group's label YG Entertainment dropped a teaser poster on social media, announcing the title track, Lovesi Read More...
KATHMANDU: K-pop supergroup BTS have announced their new album titled BE, which they will be releasing on November 20. The group’s label Big Hit Entertainment took to the group's online fan community BTS Weverse on September 28 to make the announcement, reports The Korea Herald. Without el Read More...
Each side says the other firing heavy artillery Worries resurface about South Caucasus stability Azerbaijan says six of its civilians killed Nagorno-Karabakh said 15 more of its soldiers killed YEREVAN/BAKU: Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated sharply on Monday in a Read More...
LIVERPOOL: Premier League champions Liverpool maintained their 100% start to the season with a 3-1 win against Arsenal at Anfield on Monday leaving them level on nine points with pacesetters Everton and Leicester City. The visitors took the lead through an Alexandre Lacazette strike but L Read More...
LONDON: Aston Villa moved into the Premier League top four after they strolled to a 3-0 win at Fulham thanks to goals from Jack Grealish, Conor Hourihane and Tyrone Mings in a lopsided contest on Monday. The result left Villa, who narrowly avoided relegation last season, fourth on a maximu Read More...
KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 Private hospitals have fixed their own rate for conducting polymerase chain reaction tests, saying that the fee allocated by the Ministry of Health and Population was too less. Eight private hospitals and labs, including HAMS Hospital, Star Hospital, B&B Hospital an Read More...
KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 28 President Bidhya Devi Bhandari today issued two ordinances to increase jail sentence for acid attackers and to regulate the sale and distribution of acid and other harmful chemicals. One of the ordinances amended the new penal code, proposing to increase jail term for a Read More...