Dalai Lama heads for Obama meet as China fumes
NEW DELHI: Tibet's exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama headed Wednesday for the United States and a long-awaited meeting with President Barack Obama that has infuriated China.
For the 74-year-old Dalai Lama -- vilified by Beijing as a "wolf in monk's robes" -- recognition by the White House is crucial to maintaining a critical international spotlight on Chinese treatment of his Himalayan homeland.
The Obama administration has stressed that the president is receiving the Dalai Lama as a spiritual rather than political leader, and the meeting will take place in the White House Map Room and not the Oval Office.
But such diplomatic nuances will do little to dampen the Tibetan's enthusiasm and are not expected to mollify Chinese anger.
"The most important thing is that the meeting is taking place," the Dalai Lama's spokesman Tenzin Taklha said before leaving India with the Buddhist leader.
Dismissing Beijing's denunciation of the White House get-together as "routine rhetoric", Taklha said the Chinese government's real concern was having the Tibet issue highlighted.
"No matter what China says, China cares about international opinion," he told AFP.
"The president's meeting with His Holiness is an expression of the international community's concern and it sends a strong signal to the Chinese that they need to work with us to reach a solution," he added.
Obama had avoided a meeting with the Dalai Lama last year in hopes of starting off his relationship on a good foot with China, which presses nations to ostracise the internationally respected Buddhist monk.
It was the first time since 1991 that a US president had declined to host the exiled Tibetan leader during one of his occasional trips to Washington.
Thursday's meeting comes at a delicate time for China-US ties amid a row over US arms sales to Taiwan, Beijing's dispute with Google and trade and currency disagreements.
The Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule in Tibet. He denies China's assertion that he wants independence for Tibet, insisting he is looking only for "meaningful autonomy".
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Taklha said the Nobel peace laureate would brief Obama on the situation in Tibet and the latest talks between his envoys and the Chinese authorities.
The talks in China in January -- the first between the two sides since November 2008 -- marked the ninth round of a dialogue that has yielded no tangible progress in eight years.
Many observers believe the Chinese are simply stringing the Tibetan exiles along until the Dalai Lama dies, on the assumption that the Tibetan movement will wither without him.
"The Dalai Lama and the people around him have refused to realise this and that the talks have a strategic value for China," said Elliot Sperling, an expert on Tibet at Indiana University, in the US.
"They're useful for thwarting criticisms as to why the Chinese government isn't talking to the Dalai Lama," Sperling said.
In the absence of any movement in direct negotiations, White House support for the Dalai Lama and the leverage that brings assumes even more importance.
And the Dalai Lama's secretary Chhime Chhoekyapa said it also sent a comforting signal to those living in Tibet.
"They will feel encouraged that the president of the United States, a global superpower, is meeting with His Holiness. It means the world has not forgotten them," Chhoekyapa said.
In a Lunar New Year address in Dharamshala -- the seat of his exiled government in northern India -- the Dalai Lama made no mention of his US visit, but asked exiled Tibetan to refrain from celebrations and "mark the year as a year of remembrance of Tibetan people's suffering."