Rights groups rap India over harsher terms for minors
New Delhi, December 23
Rights groups today denounced India’s new legislation allowing tougher punishments for juveniles, which was sparked by a public outcry over the release of a young man involved in a deadly gang-rape.
Lawmakers yesterday passed a bill allowing minors aged 16-18 to be sentenced to at least seven years if convicted of “heinous crimes” including rape, murder and acid attacks. However, they will not face life imprisonment or the death penalty.
The move came days after the release after three years of the youngest convict in the fatal gang-rape of a medical student on board a bus in December 2012.
The release triggered widespread calls led by the victims’ parents for amendments to an existing law which critics said was too weak.
Amnesty termed the legislative changes “regressive and disappointing”.
“Children do sometimes commit crimes as violent as those committed by adults,” said Aakar Patel, executive director of Amnesty International India, in a statement. “But the solution is not to change the law. It is to better enforce it.” Under the existing law, those below 18 can be sentenced to a maximum of three years in a reform home.
Save the Children accused lawmakers of passing the new bill “in haste under public pressure and without due diligence”.
“Justice cannot be confused with revenge especially after the rape case of 2012. Making ad-hoc amendments using a trial and error method will only make the situation worse,” said Bidisha Pillai, a campaign director for the group’s India branch.
The amended bill, which will become law after the president ratifies it, proposes a two-stage process that will first categorise crimes committed by juveniles as petty, serious or heinous. A minor accused of “heinous” crimes would then be examined by a board of psychologists and social behaviour experts, who will assess whether the defendant should be tried as a child or an adult.
The decision would have to be approved by a children’s court, which would also draw up a plan for rehabilitation.