IMF to green light yuan joining SDR basket

Brussels/Washington, Oct 26

International Monetary Fund (IMF) staff are set to give the all-clear for China’s yuan to be included in the lender’s benchmark currency basket, laying the groundwork for a favourable decision by policymakers, people familiar with discussions said on Sunday.

The IMF’s executive board is scheduled to decide in November on putting the yuan on a par with the dollar, yen, euro and pound sterling and a key factor will be its performance against a checklist of technical criteria, as assessed by IMF staff.

Three people briefed on the IMF discussions, who asked not to be named because of the sensitivity of the issue, said a draft report from staff reached a favourable conclusion on including yuan, also known as the renminbi (RMB).

“Everything is on course technically and there is no obvious political obstacle. The report leans clearly towards including the RMB in the (SDR basket) but leaves the decision for the board,” one of the officials said, adding that a pencilled-in early November date for staff to circulate their report to board members has been pushed back by several weeks.

Two other officials said staff would recommend the yuan join the basket, which determines the mix of currencies that countries like Greece receive as part of disbursements from the IMF.

“There is no real discussion, no obstacles, all seems on course,” a second official said.

Beijing is pushing for yuan to join Special Drawing Rights (SDR) basket as part of its long-term strategic goal of reducing dependence on dollar and to mark country’s coming of age as an economic power.

An IMF spokesman said staff were finalising a report to be considered at a formal board meeting planned for November, although no date had yet been set.

“Decision on possible inclusion of RMB in SDR basket will ultimately be made by IMF’s executive board when the meeting is held,” he said.The second official said that may be postponed until early 2016. Any change to the basket will take effect in October 2016.

China has rolled out a flurry of reforms recently to liberalise its markets and also help the yuan meet the SDR basket criterion of being ‘freely usable’, or widely used to make international payments and traded on foreign exchange markets.

China’s central bank on Friday said it was freeing the interest rate market by scrapping a ceiling on deposit rates. Authorities have began weekly issuance of three-month Treasury Bills and plan to extend yuan trading hours to overlap with Europe  all moves aimed at addressing IMF concerns, but also making it difficult to close out the checklist of technical criteria.

A positive staff review will cement a lower hurdle for board approval: a 70 per cent voting majority rather than 85 per cent normally reserved for IMF’s toughest decisions.