Nepal | August 12, 2020

Animal stories: Danfe

Compiled by Merina Prachan
Share Now:

Himalayan Monal, a stunningly colourful bird is the national bird of Nepal where it is known

as Danfe. These birds are also commonly called the Impeyan Monal, named after Lady Mary Impey who first kept them in captivity. Himalayan Monals are the member of the pheasant family. They are 63-72 cm in length and weigh about two to three kgs.

The males have beautiful metallic colours of green, purple, red and blue. The head is bright green, the eyes ringed with blue and the neck reddish brown. Most notable features of males are changeable reddish copper on the back and sides of the neck and a prominent white back and rump while in flight. They possess a metallic green head-crest with spoon-shaped feathers. Their crest is very long, much like a peacock. Females look much duller

than the males but are still attractive. They have overall dark brown feathers and

the bright blue circle around the eyes. They have a white throat and a rump patch. They have shorter crest with ordinary brown feathers. Female monals are considered to be rather friendly than the males.

Their Food

Monals feed on a variety of seeds, buds, shoots, roots, and some small mammals in the wild. They have very strong legs and a long, curved beak which together enable them to dig into the hard soil of the mountains to uncover seeds, tubers, shoots, berries, and insects. This method of foraging leaves conspicuous areas of turned over soil up to 25 cm deep on hillsides.

Their Home

These monals live in mountainous regions. In the summer they live in grass and rock covered meadow but during winter they are found in mixed forests with a high proportion of rhododendrons and bamboo. They can tolerate cold weather very well, but need plenty of shelter and shade from the hot summer sun, as they are birds from the cool mountain forests. They are unable to survive in extreme heat.

Young ones

Their breeding season begins late April. Females scrape a nest in the ground and lays between three to five eggs. Females incubate the eggs alone, but the males will stand guard throughout the 28-day incubation period. The males guard the area of the nest, protecting

mother and young ones.

After six months, the young are completely independent. They have to search for food and mates on their own.


communicative birdHimalayan monals use several different call types to express meaning to

their mates, other birds in their foraging group, or intruding birds. Males also use body displays like bobbing the head-crest and fanning their tail feathers to attract females.

Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Balkhu jeep, leaving kathmandu

Public transportation sector most affected by lockdown: Transport Entrepreneurs

KATHMANDU: The plan to allow resumption of long-distance public transportation from August 17 across the country has again been cancelled. The Cabinet meeting held on Monday decided to resume flight operations from September 1 citing worsening situation due to surge in the number of COVID-19 case Read More...

CIAA Chief Commissioner tests positive for Covid-19

KATHMANDU: Chief Commissioner at Commission for Investigation for Abuse of Authority (CIAA) Navin Kumar Ghimire has contracted coronavirus infection. He had submitted his swab specimen for testing on Sunday, the results for which came out positive, a source confirmed.s Samples had been drawn f Read More...

Highest daily-cases reported since easing of lockdown in Nepal, Covid-19 tally reaches 23,948

KATHMANDU: The Health Ministry on Tuesday informed that 638 new cases of coronavirus-infection have been registered in the last 24 hours. With this, Nepal's Covid-19 tally has reached 23,948 today. Among the new cases, 134 have been reported from within Kathmandu Valley. Meanwhile, 171 people Read More...

Worldwide coronavirus cases cross 20.14 million, death toll over 735,000

At least 20,147,625 people have been reported to be infected by the novel coronavirus globally and 735,369 people have died, a Reuters tally showed.  Infections have been reported in more than 210 countries and territories since the first cases were identified in China in December 2019.  Read More...

Nepal sets world record conducting Everest (Chomolungma) clean-up drive

KATHMANDU: The Guinness World Records has announced that Nepal set a world record by successfully conducting an over a month-long cleaning campaign on the world’s highest mountain. According to Meera Acharya, spokesperson at the Department of Tourism under the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Read More...

Himalayan Glacier provides relief to guides, porters

KATHMANDU: Himalayan Glacier Adventure and Travel Company has provided relief to 30 guides and porters who have been struggling hard to meet their ends due to COVID-19 pandemic. According to Sagar Pandey, company’s founder and chief executive officer, the fund was distributed amidst a function Read More...

COVID-19 Update: 638 new cases, 171 recoveries, four deaths recorded on Tuesday

KATHMANDU: Nepal’s Health Ministry, in its regular press briefing, shared the latest updates on coronavirus contagion from across the country, and government’s response to the health crisis. As of today, 462,698 tests through Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method have been carried out wh Read More...