Nepal | July 05, 2020

Govt plan stresses need for wastewater treatment plants

Himalayan News Service
Share Now:

Kathmandu, March 12

Nepal has come a long way in improving basic sanitation services with coverage doubling to 62 per cent in 2011 compared to 30 per cent in 2001, says Nepal Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector Development Plan (2016-2030) released by Sector Efficiency Improvement Unit of the Ministry of Water Supply and Sanitation.

It has already surpassed Millennium Development Goal target of 53 per cent, but only 30 per cent of urban households have toilets connected to sewer systems, while 48 per cent have septic tanks.

However, many of the septic tanks are not designed properly, and there are no systems as yet for faecal sludge management.

“Wastewater management is a major issue as much of the excreta and other wastewater is disposed of without treatment. None of the municipalities have properly functioning waste water treatment system. Only Kathmandu Valley has a few municipal wastewater treatment plants. Of them, three are non-functional and one is functional but is unable to withstand the current load,” says the plan.

There is a wide disparity in the sanitation situation among municipalities. Larger municipalities have better access to toilets but access to sewerage is very low in most of the municipalities.

Hygiene is being gradually mainstreamed as a key component in water and sanitation programmes to maximise public health outcomes, keep people and their environments clean, reduce stigma, prevent spread of diseases, reduce under-nutrition to enhance dignity and improve status as well as well-being of the people.

Most of the urban centres are unplanned, densely populated and are already water and sanitation stressed. Poor environmental sanitation services and highly degraded urban environments are the most visible consequences in the municipalities. Due to lack of effective regulation, untreated sewerage, septage and faecal sludge contaminate groundwater and empty into rivers, polluting water sources and jeopardising public health.


A version of this article appears in print on March 13, 2017 of The Himalayan Times.


Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Holding centre in Khotang

KHOTANG, JULY 3 A 10-bed holding centre has been established in Diktel, the district headquarters of Khotang, for returnees. According to Chief District Officer and District COVID-19 Crisis Management Centre coordinator Shaligram Sharma Poudel, Nepali Army personnel and Red Cross staff jointly Read More...

Visit Nepal 2020 mascot, yeti

Former Visit Nepal secretariat seeks more budget from Tourism Ministry

KATHMANDU, JULY 3 Even after the government has scrapped the secretariat of the Visit Nepal 2020 campaign, the secretariat has submitted more unpaid bills to the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation (MoCTCA). Addressing a press meet today to unveil the ministry’s work progress dur Read More...

917 Nepalis rescued

KATHMANDU, JULY 3 The government which has been rescuing stranded Nepalis abroad repatriated 917 Nepali citizens and two dead bodies today through six different chartered flights. As per the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) office based at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA), Nepal A Read More...

North Korea says no need to sit down with US for talks

SEOUL: North Korea does not feel the need to have talks with the United States, which would be nothing more than “a political tool” for Washington, a senior North Korean diplomat said on Saturday, ahead of a U.S. envoy’s visit to South Korea. Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui said negotiat Read More...

Global coronavirus cases rise to more than 11 million

WASHINGTON: Global coronavirus cases exceeded 11 million on Friday, according to a Reuters tally, marking another milestone in the spread of the disease that has killed more than half a million people in seven months. The number of cases is more than double the figure for severe influenza illness Read More...

FIFA fines Arsenal over sell-on clauses for player transfers

Arsenal was fined 40,000 Swiss francs ($42,300) by FIFA and warned about its conduct regarding player transfers after the club used variable sell-on clauses that were found to give it influence over other clubs. In a previously undisclosed investigation, FIFA legal documents reviewed by The Assoc Read More...

Morata double leads Atlético to 3-0 over Mallorca in Liga

BARCELONA, SPAIN: Álvaro Morata scored twice to lead Atlético Madrid to a 3-0 win over Mallorca and extend its strong finish to the Spanish league on Friday. Diego Simeone’s team has long been out of the title race being disputed by leader Real Madrid and second-placed Barcelona, which they t Read More...

Chris Kirk, Webb Simpson share Rocket Mortgage Classic lead

DETROIT: Webb Simpson and Bryson DeChambeau were expected to be contenders at the Rocket Mortgage Classic, taking advantage of a relatively weak field and course by PGA Tour standards. Chris Kirk was not. A year after taking a leave of absence from the PGA Tour to address alcohol abuse and dep Read More...