Nepal | January 18, 2021

Kala-azar claims four lives in eight months

Himalayan News Service
Share Now:

Kathmandu, August 5

Four persons have died of visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar in the last eight months, according to Epidemiology and Disease Control Division. It said a total of 127 people had tested positive for the disease during the period.

The four persons who died from the disease were from Kathmandu, Palpa, Jumla and Bajura.

“We chose 12 districts initially to launch a pilot project for elimination of the disease. However, we had set out to undertake the task without necessary research. As kala-azar cases are increasing we have dropped the project and are instead focusing on diagnosis to reduce deaths from the disease,” said Dr Bibek Kumar Lal, director at EDCD.

According to WHO, for the elimination of disease, there should be less than one case in 10,000 people. However, 21 cases been diagnosed in Province 1, 23 cases in Province 2, seven in Province 3, two cases in Province 4, 28 cases in Province 5, 24 cases in Province 6 and 22 cases in Province 7.

“It is unlikely for us to achieve the target of eliminating the disease within this year. So we have instead shifted our focus on detecting the cases first,” added Dr Lal. EDCD said kala-azar cases were detected in 39 districts, which include hilly areas.

Dr Anup Bastola, spokesperson for Sukraraj Tropical Infectious Disease Hospital, said, kala-azar is a vector-borne disease caused by protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani and transmitted by the sandfly, Phlebotomus argentipes.

“The disease is characterised by prolonged fever, splenomegaly, anemia, and progressive weight loss and sometimes darkening of the skin. In the endemic areas, children and young adults are its principal victims. The disease can be fatal if not treated on time,” Dr Bastola said.

Enlarged lymph nodes are frequent in Sudanese VL patients Hyper-pigmentation, which probably led to the name kala-azar (black fever in Hindi), has only been described in VL patients from the Indian subcontinent.

As the disease advances, splenomegaly can increase, causing abdominal distension and pain, which is sometimes increased by concomitant hepatomegaly.

A version of this article appears in print on August 06, 2018 of The Himalayan Times.

Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

319 Nepalis living abroad have succumbed to Covid-19 thus far: NRNA

KATHMANDU: Two more Nepalis living abroad died from coronavirus infection in the past week. According to Non-Resident Nepali Association (NRNA), one person passed away in London while the other one died in South Africa. According to the Health Committee under NRNA, with the latest fatalities, Read More...

Worldwide coronavirus cases cross 93.86 million, death toll at 2,012,869

LONDON: More than 93.86 million people have been reported to be infected by the novel coronavirus globally and 2,012,869​ have died, according to a Reuters tally. Infections have been reported in more than 210 countries and territories since the first cases were identified in China in December Read More...

In pics: A day in the lives of STIDH health-workers

KATHMANDU: Teku-based Sukraraaj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital (STIDH) which was established as centre for treating COVID-19 cases has been successfully providing quality care to the patients. Following the detection of the virus in country around ten months ago, the government had dec Read More...

PM has no right to dissolve House, SC told

KATHMANDU, JANUARY 17 Lawyers representing the petitioners that have challenged the dissolution of the House of Representatives today began pleading before the constitutional bench of the Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Cholendra Shumsher JB Rana. Advocate Bhimarjun Acharya said the prime m Read More...

EC consults parties regarding snap polls

KATHMANDU, JANUARY 17 The Election Commission today held consultation with 11 political parties on midterm polls announced for April 30 and May 10. EC Spokesperson Raj Kumar Shrestha said Chief Election Commissioner Dinesh Kumar Thapaliya informed representatives of political parties about its Read More...

Valley schools reopening after 10 months

KATHMANDU, JANUARY 17 Schools across all local bodies inside Kathmandu valley have started reopening. They had been closed for at least 10 months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On March 24, the government imposed a blanket lockdown in a bid to subdue the spread of coronavirus, which hit the Read More...

Double for Stones as Man City crush Palace to go second

MANCHESTER: Manchester City steamed into second place in the Premier League with defender John Stones scoring an unlikely double in a 4-0 demolition of visiting Crystal Palace on Sunday. Central defender Stones, closing in on 100 Premier League appearances for City, headed his first league g Read More...

Information Technology

Smart diplomacy: Needs tech-driven approach

A calling need for tech-savviness in state diplomacy with a tech-managed system has assumed diplomatic importance to promote techno-economic cooperation and trade promotion. Technical knowledge about economic and trade connections with both the developed and emerging countries would substantially he Read More...