Nepal | January 18, 2021

Water supply, sanitation coverage remains stagnant

Himalayan News Service
Share Now:

Kathmandu, March 8

The government has made considerable progress over the past decade on the national target of ensuring water supply and sanitation services for all by 2017, said the Ministry of Water Supply and Sanitation.

Census reports show that 85 per cent of Nepalis in 2011 had access to improved water sources, up from 72 per cent in 2001. According to the 2013 Joint Monitoring Programme involving the government, WHO and UNICEF, Nepal has already achieved the Millennium Development Goal target for access to improved water supply.

“While Nepal has commendably reduced rural-urban disparity in terms of access to basic water supply services, it still has to make progress in terms of quality of services. However, coverage has remained stagnant since 2011,” said National Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector Development Plan (2016-2030) recently released by Sector Efficiency Improvement Unit under the MoWSS.

As per the statistics of Department of Water Supply and Sanitation (2015), 44.5 per cent households have access to piped water and almost half of these households have private connections. The remaining 55.5 per cent depend on covered wells (38.5 per cent), open wells (7 per cent), and other unreliable sources like river and spring water (10 per cent).

Piped water varies across rural-urban setting. While 58 per cent of population in the urban areas have access to piped water,, only 41 per cent population enjoys the service in rural areas.

By development region, the western region has the highest proportion (61 per cent) and the far-Western region the lowest (34 per cent). In the Tarai, about 80 per cent of households draw drinking water from covered wells and tube wells. Access to piped water is positively associated with household wealth.

Census 2011 data shows considerable disparities in access to water with 34 districts mostly in the flat plains having more than 85 per cent coverage, 38 districts with coverage between 60-85 per cent, and three hill districts in mid-western region with less than 60 per cent coverage. Disparity in sanitation is even more alarming as eight Tarai districts bordering India have less than 30 per cent coverage to basic sanitation while people in 29 districts have more than 62 per cent coverage.

“The sector needs to focus on better targeting with equity and inclusion approaches to secure rights of all citizens for sustainable and affordable WaSH services. It is essential to ensure meaningful engagement of women and socially excluded groups in decision making processes to identify WASH priorities so that their special needs can be addressed,” said report.

A version of this article appears in print on March 09, 2017 of The Himalayan Times.

Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

gold prices

Gold Price down by Rs 700 per tola on Sunday

KATHMANDU: The price of the gold has dropped by Rs 700 per tola in the domestic market, today. According to the Federation of Nepal Gold and Silver Dealers' Association (FeNeGoSiDA), the yellow metal was traded at Rs 91,800 per tola on Sunday. It was priced at Rs 92,500 per tola on Friday. Tej Read More...

319 Nepalis living abroad have succumbed to Covid-19 thus far: NRNA

KATHMANDU: Two more Nepalis living abroad died from coronavirus infection in the past week. According to Non-Resident Nepali Association (NRNA), one person passed away in London while the other one died in South Africa. According to the Health Committee under NRNA, with the latest fatalities, Read More...

clouds above singhadarbar due to low-pressure system

Weather to remain cloudy for a few more days

KATHMANDU: Weather has been partly to generally cloudy in some places of the country due to influence of low pressure system developed in northern Bangladesh and surrounding areas. Senior meteorologist at the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Nirajan Sapkota, shared that a completely clea Read More...

Nepal Covid Update: 266 new cases, 400 recovered, five deaths on Sunday

KATHMANDU: Nepal’s Health Ministry shared the latest updates on coronavirus contagion from across the country. Till date, 2,012,452 tests through Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method have been carried out wherein 3,508 tests were performed in the last 24 hours. Read Also: Kathmandu Valley Read More...

Leach takes five wickets as nervous England near victory

GALLE: Left-arm spinner Jack Leach took five wickets as England edged towards victory over Sri Lanka in the first test in Galle, but they made a nervous start to their pursuit of a modest target of 74 and closed day four on 38 for three on Sunday. Jonny Bairstow (11 not out) and debutant Dan Read More...

Leipzig miss out on top spot with 2-2 draw at Wolfsburg

WOLFSBURG: RB Leipzig missed the chance to go top of the Bundesliga after drawing 2-2 at VfL Wolfsburg on Saturday to stay a point behind leaders Bayern Munich. Champions League club Leipzig have now managed just one point from their last two league matches, having conceded five goals in them c Read More...

Leicester march on, Chelsea end slump

LONDON: Leicester City maintained their impressive form as a 2-0 home win against Southampton extended their unbeaten Premier League run to five games to lift them into second place on Saturday. Goals from James Maddison and Harvey Barnes saw off the Saints as Leicester moved above champions Liv Read More...

Worldwide coronavirus cases cross 93.86 million, death toll at 2,012,869

LONDON: More than 93.86 million people have been reported to be infected by the novel coronavirus globally and 2,012,869​ have died, according to a Reuters tally. Infections have been reported in more than 210 countries and territories since the first cases were identified in China in December Read More...