Nepal | September 27, 2020

New law empowers local levels to control pollution in their area

Himalayan News Service
Share Now:

KATHMANDU, AUGUST 14

The Environment and Natural Resources Protection Act-2020, enacted for the purpose of all local levels prohibit any person or organisation from causing pollution contrary to the existing standards, that may cause significant adverse impact on public life, human health and environment.

“No vehicle, industrial enterprise, hotel or restaurant shall emit sound, heat, radioactive radiation, wave or waste or wastewater in excess of the limits prescribed in the standards.

In such case, the concerned local level shall initiate necessary action against the polluters,” reads the act. As per the act, it shall be the responsibility of local levels to protect minerals, biodiversity, forests, forest products and wildlife and wetlands of their concerned areas, and maintain their updated records.

Any person or organisation found guilty of committing an offence prohibited by this act may be liable to a fine ranging from Rs 30,000 to Rs 50,000.

The local level will prescribe any laboratory established by the federal or provincial government for testing the samples of waste or pollution.

Likewise, the local level may appoint an environmental inspector for inspection and monitoring of public places, hospitals, industrial enterprises, hotels or restaurants, and recommend to the concerned local level for action against the polluters. However, the responsibility to manage or dispose of harmful, hazardous, chemical and industrial waste shall lie with the concerned person or organisation producing such refuse.

According to Environment Statistics of Nepal-2019, 90 per cent of industries, which produce toxic waste, have been operating without proper waste management system.

Some 89.3 per cent of industries lacked solid waste management facilities. Areas with heavy traffic, commercial-cum-residential areas and industrial areas inside Kathmandu valley exceeded the limit of noise and air pollution set by World Health Organisation.

The act holds concerned local levels responsible for collection and disposal of waste, and prohibits any domestic or foreign organisation to carry out waste management without obtaining permission of the local government. A local level may award the contract for waste management to the private and community sector through open competition.

The law also authorises the local level to levy fees on persons and organisations for waste management. Executive body of the concerned local level shall have the power to order persons or organisations for segregation of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste at source before their collection and safe disposal.

According to the Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration, this act has already come into force in almost all local governments. A local law is guided by the objective of protecting the fundamental rights of each citizen to live in a clean and healthy environment, carrying out proper use and sustainable management of natural resources and maintaining balance between environment and development activities, reads the preamble of the act.

It holds concerned municipality/rural municipality responsible to protect the environment of its area, while requiring each citizen to make contribution to building an environment-friendly society.

As per the act, a local level, in coordination with the federation and the concerned province may designate any specific area as an open or green space for environment protection.

A version of this article appears in e-paper on August 15, 2020, of The Himalayan Times.

Follow The Himalayan Times on Twitter and Facebook

Recommended Stories:

More from The Himalayan Times:

Ordinance moots 20-year jail term for acid attack

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 25 The Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs has prepared the draft of two ordinances proposing to increase jail term for acid attackers to 20 years and to regulate the sale and distribution of acid. Under the existing law, perpetrators of acid attack face a m Read More...

Hundreds of houses inundated in Saptari

RAJBIRAJ, SEPTEMBER 25 A few days of incessant rainfall has inundated hundreds of houses in Saptari district. Water from swollen Khado, Balan, Triyuga, Jita and Mahuli streams has gushed into houses in district headquarters Rajbiraj and many other rural areas. In Wards No 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11 Read More...

Thousands of mosques in Xinjiang demolished in recent years

BEIJING, SEPTEMBER 25 Chinese authorities have demolished thousands of mosques in Xinjiang, an Australian think tank said today, in the latest report of widespread human rights abuses in the restive region. Rights groups say more than one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim Turkic-speaking Read More...

Bharatpur Hospital

Scrub typhus, dengue cases reported in Chitwan district

CHITWAN, SEPTEMBER 25 Even as the district is under the grip of COVID-19 infection, cases of scrub typhus and dengue have also been reported in Chiwan of late. As many as 69 scrub typhus patients and 24 dengue patients have been detected in the district in the past two months. According to Read More...

More health workers contract coronavirus

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 25 The number of health workers being infected with coronavirus is on rise. According to the Ministry of Health and Population, as many as 600 health workers across the country have tested positive of the respiratory contagion till September 23. Health workers infected wit Read More...

Government urged to save life of agitating Dr Govinda KC

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 25 The National Human Rights Commission today drew its attention to the deteriorating health of Dr Govinda KC, who has been on his 19th fast-unto-death since September 14. The senior orthopaedic surgeon had launched his hunger strike in Chandannath Municipality-6, of J Read More...

Two youths stage hunger strike

DAMAULI: Two youths have staged a fast-unto-death expressing solidarity with Dr Govinda KC in Tanahun’s Damauli on Friday. Sagar Ghimire, 25, and Binod Sapkota, 24, have launched the strike. Ghimire said they had started a hunger strike to pressurise the government to address all demands of Dr Read More...

Government committed to ending hunger, says Prime Minister Oli

KATHMANDU, SEPTEMBER 25 Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli addressed, through a pre-recorded video, a high-level side event titled ‘Poverty at a Crossroad: Using Leadership and the Multidimensional Poverty Index to Build Back Better’, organised on the margins of the 75th Session of United Nations G Read More...