TOPICS: Youths and unemployment
Youths constitute the bulk of the world’s population. They are the most active and intelligent class of people capable of designing and molding the future of a country.
In recent years, the population of youths is increasing as high as 80 percent. Such an increase in population in the world, especially in developing and least developed countries, has given rise to serious unemployment problems there.
The pattern of education in most developing and least developed countries has been proved something like a ‘square peg’ in the round table thus paving the way for a rapid increase in educated employment. It is due to the faulty education system that the youths have become occupational service-oriented in these countries.
In fact, the problem of youths’ unemployment is an evil which is difficult to root out because unemployed youths are constant threats to peace, prosperity and stability. Not only is this, development in any sector is not possible by keeping the largest and forceful segment of the labor force unutilized or underutilized.
The youths are such a force which has the potential to release the springs of development in various sectors. However, their proper utilization is indispensable, opening up more avenues for employment.
In Nepal, persons of 16 to 40 years are said to be youths, who constitute about forty percent. Assuming that the labor force consists of the persons of 15 to 59 years it follows that the bulk of the labor force available here consists of youths who go abroad in pursuit of jobs every years.
If the estimate of the International Labor Organization (ILO) for developing and least developed countries is any guide, the youths’ unemployment in Nepal is increasing day by day rapidly. This is reflected by the fact that there are stiff competitions for both governmental and non-governmental jobs every year.
Some youths have been compelled to get employment in low preferred jobs; while others, especially in rural areas, are disguisedly or seasonally unemployed. Such trend persists still now because of the lack of proper attention of the concerned authorities.
According to an ILO report, there have been some achievements in Egypt and Tanzania in reducing youths’ unemployment by devising and implementing employment oriented skill development programs.
Such programs should be also launched in other countries according to necessity.