Average capacity utilisation of Nepali industries rose to 58 per cent by the first sixth month of the current fiscal 2017-18, compared to 54.2 per cent in the corresponding period of the previous fiscal, according to Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB).
High capacity utilisation of industrial plants means Nepali industries are becoming efficient in production of goods. Capacity utilisation of domestic industries is currently at the highest level, when data of the last five years is compared. This shows improving scenario in industrial sector, as per the central bank.
The Economic Activities report of the central bank was prepared based on the study of major industries in seven economic blocs of the country – Biratnagar, Janakpur, Birgunj, Pokhara, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj and Dhangadhi. The capacity utilisation of industries improved along with regular electricity supply and end to frequent strikes from political parties and labour unions, according to the central bank report.
Capacity utilisation of soft drinks saw significant improvement to 99.93 per cent in the first half of 2017-18 compared to 83.61 per cent in the corresponding period of the previous fiscal.
Similarly, the capacity utilisation of pashmina-related industries rose to 99.64 per cent in the review period compared to 89.33 per cent in the previous fiscal. “High capacity utilisation of export-oriented industries like pashmina means there is potential of increasing export of pashmina products,” said Nara Bahadur Thapa, executive director of Research Department at NRB, adding the report has urged industrialists to raise the installed capacity of their industries.
Likewise, capacity utilisation of other export-oriented industries, namely readymade garments (RMGs) went up to 72.85 per cent from 58.63 per cent in the corresponding period of previous fiscal.
Most importantly, the report has also shed light on increasing capacity utilisation of industries that produce construction materials, like cement, rods, among others, and the potential of consumption of construction materials, as the post-earthquake reconstruction and construction of government buildings, infrastructure is peaking in the sub-national governments..
The capacity utilisation of sugar industries was the lowest at 20.55 per cent in the review period. Though the government has aimed at becoming self-reliant in sugar production, the capacity utilisation of this industry was substantially lower than the average for Nepali industries. The central bank report has highlighted that the sugar mills have failed to maximise their installed capacity utilisation due to lack of raw materials (sugarcane) in the crushing season.
“Farmers are discouraged to grow sugarcane as the sugar factories have huge outstanding dues with cane growers,” said the NRB report, “This could dampen the government’s plan to be self-reliant in sugar production in the country if the fundamental problem is not addressed timely.”
Thapa of NRB said that the increase in capacity utilisation will contribute towards rise of industrial output and ultimately support to raise economic growth. The share of manufacturing in gross domestic product (GDP) stood at 9.2 per cent in 2000-01, but it has been gradually coming down in the recent years. It stood at just 5.4 per cent in the current fiscal.
In this context, increasing capacity utilisation could revitalise the Nepali industries that were badly affected due to the political insurgency along with compounded problems like frequent strikes, labour unrest, erratic power supply and high interest rate of bank’s credit, among other, according to Hari Bhakta Sharma, president of Confederation of Nepalese Industries (CNI). “The government and private sector should work together to lower the cost of production by resolving various inefficiencies in our system and make our production more competitive.”
The central bank has been publishing the report twice a year – on half-yearly and annual basis.
Comparative figures of H1
FY 2013-14 ……………………49.9%
A version of this article appears in print on June 05, 2018 of The Himalayan Times.
BAJURA: Incessant rainfall in Bajura has raised the water level of Budhiganga River to touch Taprisera suspension bridge leaving commuters, who use the bridge to cross the river, at a great risk. The bridge, which connects Tribeni Municipality and Budhiganga Municipality, is getting partially sub Read More...
KATHMANDU: Nepal has recorded two more COVID-19 related deaths, confirmed the Ministry of Health and Population, at its regular media briefing, on Saturday. A 44-year-old male, resident of Palungtar Municipality-7, Gorkha, has succumbed to the coronavirus infection. The swab sample of the decease Read More...
BAJURA: Four persons, who were missing in the landslide that occurred at 2:00 am on Saturday in Mallesi of Kedarsyun Rural Municipality in Bajhang district, have been found dead. Bodies of 40-year-old Rammati Jethara and her 12-year-old son Prayag Jethara were found buried in the debris of the la Read More...
KATHMANDU: Nepal’s Health Ministry, in its regular press briefing, shared the latest updates on coronavirus contagion from across the country, and government’s response to the health crisis. As of today, 246,297 tests through Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method and 310,300 Rapid Diagn Read More...
DHANGADHI: A woman has died after a week of returning home from a quarantine facility in Kailali, on Friday. A 48-year-old woman, resident of Godavari Municipality-10, breathed her last on Friday night while in home quarantine, according to mayor of the municipality, Hari Singh Saud. It has be Read More...
KATHMANDU: Netflix has decided to stand by Polish film 365 Days that has been accused of glorifying sexual trafficking, kidnapping rape. Netflix announced to continue streaming the movie on July 3 amid calls for its withdrawal including by British singer Duffy who said it glamorised "the brutal re Read More...
KATHMANDU: Three Disney+projects are coming to Comic-Con@Home — an online replacement of Comic-Con's annual San Diego expo between July 22 and 26. Anthology documentary series Marvel's 616, Phineas & Ferb, and The Right Stuff are three projects unveiled by Disney+ for the Comic-Con@Home Read More...
Kathmandu, July 4 Coronavirus has been detected in drainage water in two places of Kathmandu Valley. In samples collected from four places in the Valley, samples from two places came out positive for the virus. Report of a research conducted by Center for Molecular Dynamics Nepal 'Environmental Sur Read More...