Fed says economy improving; September rate hike in view
WASHINGTON: The US economy and job market continue to strengthen, the Federal Reserve said on Wednesday, leaving the door open for a possible interest rate hike when central bank policymakers next meet in September.
Following their latest two-day policy meeting, Fed officials said they felt the economy had overcome a first-quarter slowdown and was "expanding moderately" despite a downturn in the energy sector and headwinds from overseas.
They nodded in particular to the "solid job gains" seen in recent months.
"On balance, a range of labour market indicators suggest that underutilisation of labour resources has diminished since early this year," the Fed said in a policy statement that kept rates unchanged.
That language and other small changes in the statement mark an upgrade in the central bank's view of labour conditions since its last policy meeting in June, when it said labour slack had "diminished somewhat."
The Fed also said it now only needs to see "some" more improvement in the labour market, a qualification that analysts said strongly suggested it believes the recent solid US job gains will continue.
"They slightly lowered the hurdle for a rate hike by adding the word 'some' to their conditions required for further improvement in the labour market," said Shyam Rajan, head of US interest rate strategy at Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
Although the Fed may have ramped up expectations of a rate hike in September, it didn't give a clear signal of its plans. Besides the additional improvement on the labour front, it said it also needed to be more confident that low inflation will rise to the 2 percent medium-term target.
US Treasury prices were largely unchanged after the Fed statement. U.S. stocks rose and the dollar was stronger against a basket of currencies.
The Fed's policy statement also retained language saying that risks are "nearly balanced," suggesting it is still more concerned about a new economic downturn rather than of rapidly rising inflation.
Central bank officials and market analysts have been waiting to see if weak economic growth in the first part of the year signalled the beginning of the end of an expansion, or merely a pause.
The verdict now seems firm.
"The Fed is taking baby steps towards a rate hike. Enough improvements have been made in the labour market that the Fed only needs a little more confirming evidence to say it is time," said Brian Jacobsen, chief portfolio strategist at Wells Fargo Funds Management.
Most economists forecast that US economic growth will pick up after a lacklustre first half and that the Fed will begin tightening monetary policy in September, according to a Reuters poll published last week.
And Wall Street's top banks still target September as the most likely time for an initial Fed rate hike, according to another Reuters poll published earlier this month.
With no meeting scheduled in August, the Fed will have two months of data to analyse before deciding whether to hike rates for the first time since 2006.
There were no dissents in the Fed statement on Wednesday.