Nobel trivia

765 individuals and 18 organisations have been awarded the Nobel Prize. Some Laureates and organisations have been awarded more than one time.

•Only 33 Nobel Laureates are women, and 732 are men.

•Lawrence Bragg is the youngest Nobel Laureate so far. He was 25-years-old when he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his father in 1915.

•Raymond Davis Jr is the oldest Nobel Laureate till date. He was nearly 88-years-old when he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2002.

•Two Nobel Laureates have declined the Nobel Prize: Jean-Paul Sartre, awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature, declined the prize because he had consistently declined all official honours; Le Duc Tho, awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, for negotiating the Vietnam peace accord. Le Doc Tho said he was not in a position to accept the Prize, giving as his reason the situation in Vietnam.

•Four Nobel Laureates have been forced by authorities to decline the Nobel Prize: Adolf Hitler forbade three German Nobel Laureates — Richard Kuhn, Adolf Butenandt and Gerhard Domagk, to receive the Nobel Prize. All of them could later receive the diploma and the medal, but not the prize amount. Boris Pasternak, the 1958 Nobel Prize in Literature, accepted at first but was later caused by the authorities of his country (the Soviet Union) to decline the Prize.

•The work of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been honoured by a Nobel Peace Prize three times.

•Linus Pauling is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobels — the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize.