China's Mars probe has neared Mars orbit today, US's 'Perseverance' to reach in a week
KATHMANDU, FEBRUARY 11
United Arab Emirates (UAE)'s Hope became the first among the three Mars missions scheduled for February, others being China's Tianwen 1 Probe and United States' Perseverance Probe, to reach the orbit of Mars.
UAE's Hope probe was launched on July 20, 2020 from Tanegashima Space Centre, Japan and entered Mars's orbit on Tuesday, February 09, a day before China's Tianwen-1's entry and a week before Perseverance.
The twitter handle Hope Mars Mission shared a brief on the Mars mission earlier this afternoon.
Hope Probe aims to understand climate dynamics and the global weather map by characterising the lower atmosphere of Mars, explain how the weather changes the escape of Hydrogen and Oxygen, and also understand the structure and variability of Hydrogen and Oxygen in the upper atmosphere and identifying the reasons behind why Mars is losing them into space.
Meanwhile. Tianwen-1 is nearing Mars, according to China National Space Administration (CNSA). The probe conducted its fourth orbital correction on Friday evening and is preparing for its arrival in Mars orbit around February 10.
CNSA released the first black-and-white picture of Mars taken by Tianwen-1 on February 05 when the probe was about 2.2 million kilometers from the red planet.
According to the press release issued by CNSA on February 05, Tianwen-1 has flown for 197 days covering more than 465 million kilometers on its journey to the planet.
Tianwen 1, the country's first independent Mars mission, was launched by a Long March 5 heavy-lift carrier rocket on July 23 from the Wenchang Space Launch Center in Hainan province, kicking off the nation's planetary exploration program.
It primary goal is to soft-land a rover in May (will travel more than 470 million km before entering Martian orbit ) on the southern part of Mars' Utopia Planitia, the largest recognized impact basin in the solar system - to conduct scientific surveys.
Similarly, US's Perseverance launched on July 30, 2020, is scheduled to land on February 18, 2021 at Jezero Crater on Mars.
According to NASA, the primary objective of this rover is to seek signs of ancient life and collect samples of rock and regolith (broken rock and soil) for a possible return to Earth.