Swine flu in early stages, warns WHO

GENEVA:The global swine flu epidemic is still in its early stages, even though reports of over 100,000 infections in England alone last week are plausible, the World Health Organisation’s flu chief said today, Keiji Fukuda, WHO’s Assistant Director-General for Health Security and Environment, told The Associated Press that given the size of the world’s population, the new H1N1 virus is likely to spread for some time.

WHO earlier estimated that as many as 2 billion people could become infected over the next two years. “Even if we have hundreds of thousands of cases or a few millions of cases ... we’re relatively early in the pandemic,” Fukuda said in an interview at WHO’s headquarters in Geneva.

The global health agency stopped asking governments to report new cases last week, saying the effort was too great now that the disease has become so widespread in some countries.

Authorities in Britain say there were over a lakh infections in England alone last week, while US health officials estimate the United States has passed the 1 million case mark. Those figures dwarf WHO’s tally of 1.3 lakh confirmed cases worldwide since the start of the outbreak last spring.

“We know that the total number of laboratory confirmed cases is really only a subset of the total number of cases,” Fukuda said.

Fukuda, the former chief of epidemiology at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, also said there must be no doubt over the safety of swine flu vaccines before they are given to the public.

Health officials and drug makers are looking into ways of speeding up the production of the vaccine before the northern hemisphere enters its flu season in the fall.

The first vaccines are expected in September and October, said Fukuda. Other vaccines will take until December or January before they are released onto the market - well into flu season when a further dramatic rise in swine flu cases is predicted.

“Everybody involved with the vaccine work, from manufacturers up to the regulatory agencies, are looking at what steps can be taken to make the process as streamlined as possible,” Fukuda said.

“One of the things which cannot be compromised is the safety of vaccines.”

The search for an effective inoculation has taken on a new urgency as WHO announced that almost 800 people have died from the disease in the past four months. This is more than the H5N1 bird flu strain has killed in six years.

One question that scientists and health officials disagree on is whether pregnant women should be among the first to receive a vaccine.

A report by WHO experts found that pregnant women appear to be “at increased risk for severe disease, potentially resulting in spontaneous abortion and/or death, especially during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.”