Noncommunicable diseases have become the major contributors to death and disability worldwide.

China is no exception, particularly as it increasingly faces many of the same challenges that high-income countries face, such as highrisk behaviors like smoking, sedentary lifestyles and alcohol consumption and air pollution.

Indeed, a 2016 joint study by the World Bank Group, the WHO and Chinese government agencies called NCDs "China's number one health threat.

"The study reported that NCDs – which include cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes – are responsible annually for more than 85% of Chinese deaths and 77% of the loss in healthy life.

In China, primary care is widely viewed as an essential platform for prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of NCDs.

As part of its own health reform process in recent years, the country has sought to transition its health care delivery system toward one that is more people-centered, high quality and integrated with other tiers of the country's overall health network.