The World Health Organisation said it was closely monitoring a new coronavirus 'variant of interest' named Mu, warning that the new variant shows signs of possible resistance to vaccines, PTI reports.

Mu - also known by its scientific name B.1.621 - was first identified in Colombia in January 2021. Since then, there have been 'sporadic reports' of cases and some larger outbreaks in South America and Europe, WHO said in its weekly bulletin on the pandemic on Tuesday.

Mu variant cases have also been reported in the UK, Europe, US, and Hong Kong.

Although the global prevalence of the Mu variant among sequenced COVID-19 cases is currently below 0.1 per cent, its prevalence in Colombia is 39 per cent, and in Ecuador, it is 13 per cent. The new variant was added to the WHO's watchlist on August 30 after it was detected in 39 countries and found to possess a 'constellation of mutations that indicate potential properties of immune escape'. Reports on the variant's prevalence should be 'interpreted with due consideration' given the low sequencing capacity of most countries, WHO said. Mu is the fifth variant of interest to be monitored by WHO since March.

It has a number of mutations that suggest it could be more resistant to vaccines, WHO warned. Preliminary data shows it may evade immune defences in a similar way as the Beta variant first discovered in South Africa, the UN agency said, adding that this needs to be confirmed by further work.

'More studies are required to understand the phenotypic and clinical characteristics of this variant,' it said, adding that the epidemiology of the Mu variant in South America, particularly with the co-circulation of the Delta variant, will be monitored for changes.

As of August 29, over 4,500 sequences (3,794 B.1.621 sequences and 856 B.1.621.1 sequences), genome sequences, analysed samples of the virus taken from patients, have been designated as Mu in the past four weeks. The sequences are used to track how it moves through the population, on an open-source genome repository, known as GISAID.

Most of these have been reported in the US (2,065) and Colombia (852), Mexico (357) and Spain (473).

Meanwhile, South African scientists are closely monitoring the development of another new variant there.

Scientists from National Institute for Communicable Diseases and the KwaZulu-Natal Research Innovation and Sequencing Platform in South Africa said the potential variant of interest, C.1.2, was first detected in the country in May this year. C.1.2 has since been found in China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mauritius, England, New Zealand, Portugal and Switzerland as of August 13, they said.

However, C.1.2, is not yet a variant to follow, nor a variant of concern, according to WHO classification.

All viruses mutate over time and most mutations have little to no impact on the virus' behaviour.

The novel coronavirus pandemic has killed more than 45 lakh people globally, according to tracking data from Johns Hopkins University.

A version of this article appears in the print on September 3 2021, of The Himalayan Times.